Thiamine

Description

Thiamine, the primary ingredient of Thiamine, is a naturally occurring form of vitamin B1. It regulates vital bodily functions such as carbohydrate metabolism, muscle contraction, and conduction of nerve signals. It is used for the treatment and prevention of vitamin B1 deficiency. It is also used to treat Beriberi and Wernicke's encephalopathy. Your doctor/dietitian will advise an appropriate diet for you along with this medicine to achieve the best possible effect.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Thiamine

  • Cough
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Itching of skin
  • Swelling of face, lips, or eyelids
  • Difficulty in breathing

Uses of Thiamine

What is it prescribed for?

  • Beriberi
  • Dietary Deficiency
  • Wernicke Encephalopathy
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The amount of time required by this medicine to show its action is not clinically established.
  • Duration of effect
    The amount of time for which this medicine remains active in the body is not clinically established.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit-forming tendencies were reported.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking/receiving this medicine.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. If it is used, the daily recommended amount should not be exceeded. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking/receiving this medicine.

Allergy

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with a known allergy to thiamine or any other inactive ingredients present along with it.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking/receiving this medicine.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. If it is used, the daily recommended amount should not be exceeded. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking/receiving this medicine.
General warnings

Other medicines

Many medicines may interact with Thiamine and may decrease the absorption of Thiamine as well as increase the risk of severe adverse effects. Hence, it is advised that you report to the doctor all your current medicines including any herbs and supplements before beginning treatment with Thiamine.

Kidney function impairment

The parenteral form (injection) of this medicine should be used with caution in patients with kidney function impairment due to the increased risk of severe adverse effects. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition.

Missed Dose

Oral forms: Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed dose. Injection: Since this medicine is administered in the hospital or clinical setting by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of missing a dose is low.

Overdose

Oral forms: The likelihood of an overdose causing severe symptoms is very low. However, seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of any severe symptoms including breathing difficulties, severe nausea, severe vomiting, etc. Injection: Since this medicine is administered in the hospital or clinical setting by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of an overdose is very low. However, emergency medical treatment will be initiated by the doctor if an overdose is suspected.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Aciclovir

Verapamil

Natural Micronised Progesterone

Efavirenz

Clopidogrel

Estradiol

Metformin

5-Fluorouracil

Disease interactions

Disease

Information not available.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
Oral forms: Take this medicine as instructed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts than advised/prescribed. Consult the doctor if you experience any undesirable side effects. Ensure that the treatment course is completed. Do not stop the use of this medicine without consulting your doctor. Injection: This medicine should be administered by a qualified healthcare professional. Inform the doctor if you have a known history of allergy to this medicine. Report to the doctor all your current medicines as well as your medical conditions before receiving this medicine.
Miscelleneous

To be taken with food

To be taken as instructed by doctor

Does not cause sleepiness

How it works
This medicine breaks down dietary sugars in the body and corrects nerve and heart problems caused due to vitamin B1 deficiency.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Vitamins

Schedule

OTC

DailyMed - Thiamine hydrochloride injection, solution [Internet]. Dailymed.nlm.nih.gov. 2018 [cited 23 August 2018]. Available from:

https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=12986d0e-b8bf-4338-9d85-07f973b35439#i4i_warnings_id_a285b627-521a-4a87-8f00-06794a6fb3fb

Thiamine Hydrochloride 100mg Tablets - Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) - (eMC) [Internet]. Medicines.org.uk. 2018 [cited 23 August 2018]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/5057/smpc#

Thiamine: MedlinePlus Drug Information [Internet]. Medlineplus.gov. 2018 [cited 23 August 2018]. Available from:

https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a682586.html

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Information on this page was last updated on 29 Jan 2019

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.