Risperidone

Description

Risperidone is an antipsychotic medicine that is used in the treatment of Schizophrenia and other mood disorders. Take this medicine should be taken at the same time regularly. Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly without informing doctor as it may cause withdrawal symptoms.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Risperidone

  • Aggression or anger
  • Loss of balance control
  • Changes in vision
  • Skin rash
  • Back pain
  • Changes in pattern of speech
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constipation
  • Dry mouth
  • Weight gain
  • Body pain
  • Decrease in libido

Uses of Risperidone

What is it prescribed for?

  • Schizophrenia
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Autism
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The peak effect of this medicine is observed within 1 hour of oral administration.
  • Duration of effect
    The effect of this medicine lasts for a duration of 9 hours in extensive metabolizers and 1 to 2 days in poor metabolizers.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Consumption of alcohol with this medicine is not recommended as it can result in dizziness and difficulty in concentration. Avoid activities that need mental alertness like driving and operating machinery.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit forming tendency has been reported
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women. Use only if clearly needed when no safer alternative is available.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is known to be excreted through human breast milk. It is not recommended for breastfeeding women. Use only if clearly needed when no safer alternative is available.

Allergy

Avoid if you have a known allergy to Risperidone or any other antipsychotics.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women. Use only if clearly needed when no safer alternative is available.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is known to be excreted through human breast milk. It is not recommended for breastfeeding women. Use only if clearly needed when no safer alternative is available.
General warnings

Dementia- related psychosis

Risperidone is not approved for use in patients with dementia-related psychosis due to the increase risk of death.

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

Risperidone should be discontinued immediately if the patient develops Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome characterized by an increase in the body temperature, muscle rigidity, altered consciousness.

Tardive dyskinesia

Risperidone may cause involuntary movements of tongue, lips, and face. Inform the doctor if you have these symptoms. Gradual dose reduction or discontinuation of the medicine should be considered.

Diabetes and Dyslipidemia

Risperidone may increase the blood glucose levels and lipids levels in the body. Assess these parameters before initiation of the treatment and regular monitoring of blood glucose and body weight is necessary.

Seizures

Risperidone is used with caution in the patients with a history of seizures or with conditions that lower the seizure threshold

Pediatric use

The safety and effectiveness of Risperidone is not established in the children with schizophrenia who are less than 13 years of age and bipolar disorder who are less than 10 years of age.

Elderly population

Risperidone is used with caution in the elderly population due to the increased risk of orthostatic hypotension and kidney injury.

Missed Dose

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed dose.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Use of this medicine with alcohol will cause depression of the central nervous system and respiratory system.

Instructions

Consumption of alcohol with this medicine is not recommended as it can result in dizziness and difficulty in concentration. Avoid activities that need mental alertness like driving and operating machinery.
Interaction with Medicine

Clozapine

Tramadol

Antidiabetic medicines

Antihypertensives

Levodopa

Disease interactions

Dementia

This medicine is not recommended in the patients with dementia-related psychosis as it increases the risk of heart diseases like heart failure and infectious diseases like pneumonia. An alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
Take Risperidone with or without food. Do not take in larger amounts than advised. Consult the doctor if you experience any undesirable effects. Do not stop taking the medicine without consulting your doctor as it may cause withdrawal symptoms.
Miscelleneous

Food timings: Information not available

Administration time: Information not available

Sleep inducing: Information not available

How it works
It works by binding to the receptors and inhibits release of the chemical substances that cause psychotic symptoms.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Atypical antipsychotics

Schedule

Schedule H

Risperidone: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects - Drugs.com [Internet]. Drugs.com. 2017 [cited 16 March 2017]. Available from:

https://www.drugs.com/risperidone.html

[Internet]. 2017 [cited 16 March 2017]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/medicine/30433

DailyMed - RISPERIDONE- risperidone tablet [Internet]. Dailymed.nlm.nih.gov. 2017 [cited 16 March 2017]. Available from:

https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=1c3250f3-d291-4280-97d5-da3bb171e2b6#section-2

Risperdal, Risperdal Consta (risperidone) dosing, indications, interactions, adverse effects, and more [Internet]. Reference.medscape.com. 2017 [cited 16 March 2017]. Available from:

http://reference.medscape.com/drug/risperdal-consta-risperidone-342986

Prescribing medicines in pregnancy database [Internet]. Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA). 2017 [cited 16 March 2017]. Available from:

https://www.tga.gov.au/prescribing-medicines-pregnancy-database#searchname

TOXNET [Internet]. Toxnet.nlm.nih.gov. 2017 [cited 16 March 2017]. Available from:

https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search2/f?./temp/~yUcRc5:1

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Information on this page was last updated on 20 Mar 2017

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.