Pyrazinamide

Description

Pyrazinamide is an antitubercular medicine which helps to treat tuberculosis and reduces the spread of infection. It should be taken with other medicines to prevent the spread of infection. This medicine is not recommended in patients with liver impairment or acute gout.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Pyrazinamide

  • Joint pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unusual tiredness and weakness
  • Yellow colored eyes or skin
  • Itching
  • Skin rash

Uses of Pyrazinamide

What is it prescribed for?

  • Tuberculosis
Read More
Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The effect of this medicine can be observed in 2 hours.
  • Duration of effect
    The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 27 to 30 hours.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit forming tendencies were reported.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for use during pregnancy unless absolutely necessary. Consult your doctor about the potential benefits and risks before deciding to take this medicine.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is excreted in breast milk. It is recommended for breastfeeding women only if clearly needed. The risk and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.

Allergy

Not recommended in patients with known allergy to Pyrazinamide.

Severe liver impairment

Not recommended in the patients with severe liver impairment.

Acute Gout

Not recommended in patients with increased uric acid levels or acute gout.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for use during pregnancy unless absolutely necessary. Consult your doctor about the potential benefits and risks before deciding to take this medicine.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is excreted in breast milk. It is recommended for breastfeeding women only if clearly needed. The risk and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.
General warnings

Impaired liver function

This medicine may cause liver injury. The baseline of liver function tests should be obtained before initiating the treatment. Any signs of elevated liver enzymes should be reported to the doctor.

Diabetes

This medicine should be used with caution in patients with diabetes. Close monitoring of blood glucose levels is necessary. Any signs of altered glucose levels should be reported to the doctor.

Drug-resistance

Usage of Pyrazinamide without sufficient proof or suspicion of a bacterial infection should be avoided. Irrational dosing might fail in providing the benefits and even cause toxicity. It may also increase the risk of development of bacteria that is drug resistant.

Impaired kidney function

This medicine is excreted through kidneys. The concentration of this medicine may increase in patients with impaired kidney function. The dose should be adjusted based on the CrCl.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of Pyrazinamide, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed dose.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Methotrexate

Cholera Vaccine

Disease interactions

Gout

This medicine is not recommended in patients with gout. inform the doctor about your medical condition. Serum uric acid levels should be monitored carefully. Discontinue the treatment if the symptoms persist.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
Take Pyrazinamide as advised by your doctor. Do not take in larger amounts than advised. It is advised to take this medicine at the same time every day. Do not stop taking the medicine without consulting your doctor. Ensure that the course of treatment is completed to prevent the spread of infection. Consult the doctor if you experience any undesirable effects.
Miscelleneous

Can be taken with or without food, as advised by your doctor

To be taken as instructed by doctor

May cause sleepiness

How it works
It works by altering the pH in the cell and stops its growth.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Antituberculosis agents

Schedule

Schedule H

[Internet]. 2017 [cited 28 April 2017]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/medicine/28620

Pyrazinamide: MedlinePlus Drug Information [Internet]. Medlineplus.gov. 2017 [cited 28 April 2017]. Available from:

https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a682402.html

DailyMed - Pyrazinamide tablet [Internet]. Dailymed.nlm.nih.gov. 2017 [cited 28 April 2017]. Available from:

https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=257bd8cf-74d7-45db-bf25-354a8d26634e

Prescribing medicines in pregnancy database [Internet]. Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA). 2017 [cited 28 April 2017]. Available from:

https://www.tga.gov.au/prescribing-medicines-pregnancy-database#searchname

[Internet]. Toxnet.nlm.nih.gov. 2017 [cited 28 April 2017]. Available from:

https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search2/f?./temp/~079zLB:1

How will this medicine affect me?

Consult top doctors online and get an answer now
Chat now
Chat now

Looking for a doctor?

Book an appointment with the top doctors near you
Book now
Book now
Something doesn’t feel right?
Report an error

Information on this page was last updated on 16 Nov 2017

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.