Proparacaine

Description

Proparacaine is used as a topical anesthetic to numb the eye. It is used for the removal of corneal foreign bodies and also for procedures such as tonometry, gonioscopy, or similar eye tests requiring topical anesthesia of the conjunctiva and cornea.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Proparacaine

  • Blurred vision
  • Redness of the eye
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Stinging of eye
  • Eye pain

Uses of Proparacaine

What is it prescribed for?

  • Deep ophthalmic anesthesia
  • Removal of foreign bodies and sutures
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The effect of this medicine can be observed within 30 seconds of ophthalmic administration of the dose.
  • Duration of effect
    The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 10-20 minutes.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit-forming tendencies were reported.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before using this medicine.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before using this medicine.

Allergy

This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a known allergy to proparacaine or any other inactive ingredients present along with it.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before using this medicine.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before using this medicine.
General warnings

Cardiac diseases

This medicine should be used with caution in patients with cardiac diseases due to the risk of severe adverse effects. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be necessary in some cases based on the clinical condition.

Hyperthyroidism

This medicine should be used with caution in patients with hyperthyroidism (a condition where the thyroid gland produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormones) due to the risk of severe adverse effects. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be necessary in some cases based on the clinical condition.

Damage to corneal epithelium

Prolonged use of this medicine is not recommended, as it can cause damage to the corneal epithelium.

Driving or Operating machinery

Use of this medicine may cause blurring of vision in some patients. Hence, it is advised that you do not perform any activities that require high mental alertness such as driving a vehicle or operating heavy machinery if you experience any visual disturbances.

Missed Dose

Since this medicine is administered in the hospital or clinical setting by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of a missed dose is very low.

Overdose

Since this medicine is administered in the hospital or clinical setting by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of an overdose is very low. However, emergency medical treatment will be initiated by the doctor if an overdose is suspected.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Hyaluronidase

Disease interactions

Disease

Information not available.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
This medicine is usually administered in the clinical/hospital setting under the supervision of a qualified healthcare professional. Inform the doctor if you have a known allergy to this medicine. Report all your current medicines as well as your medical conditions to the doctor before receiving this medicine.
Miscelleneous

Usage does not depend on food timings

To be taken as instructed by doctor

Effect on sleep is not established

How it works
This medicine inhibits pain sensations and helps the eye from feeling the pain.
Legal Status

Approved

Unknown

Unknown

Approved

Classification

Category

Ophthalmic anesthetics

Schedule

Schedule H

[Internet]. Drugbank.ca. 2018 [cited 24 December 2018]. Available from:

https://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00807

Instasia Eye Drops [Internet]. Klarsehenindia.com. 2019 [cited 20 February 2019]. Available from:

http://www.klarsehenindia.com/optha-instasia-eye-drops.php

Optho Remedies Pvt Ltd [Internet]. Opthoremedies.com. 2019 [cited 20 February 2019]. Available from:

http://opthoremedies.com/oproxy

Paracain Ophthalmic Solution | Leading Eyecare Specialists in India | Sunways India Pvt Ltd. [Internet]. Sunways.com. 2019 [cited 20 February 2019]. Available from:

http://www.sunways.com/Products/SunwaysProducts/Paracain.html

Minims Proxymetacaine Hydrochloride 0.5% w/v, Eye drops solution - Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) - (eMC) [Internet]. Medicines.org.uk. 2019 [cited 20 February 2019]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/3745

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Information on this page was last updated on 20 Feb 2019

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.