Potassium Chloride

Description

Potassium Chloride is used for the prevention or treatment of low potassium levels in the blood. The injection form of this medicine is recommended for use when the patient is not able to tolerate oral supplements.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Potassium Chloride

  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Increased heart beat
  • Chest pain and discomfort
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Increased potassium levels

Uses of Potassium Chloride

What is it prescribed for?

  • Hypokalemia
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The amount of time taken by this medicine to show its effect is subjected to vary based on the individual, strength, and form of administration.
  • Duration of effect
    The amount of time for which this medicine remains effective is subjected to vary based on the individual, strength, and form of administration.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit-forming tendencies were reported
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking/receiving this medicine.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking/receiving this medicine.

Kidney impairment

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with kidney impairment due to the increased risk of adverse effects.

Hyperkalemia

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with hyperkalemia (high blood potassium levels) due to the increased risk of adverse effects.

Addison's disease

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with Addison's disease (an adrenal gland disorder) due to the increased risk of adverse effects.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking/receiving this medicine.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking/receiving this medicine.
General warnings

Gastrointestinal irritation

Potassium Chloride may cause gastrointestinal irritation in patients especially, if it is administered without diluting. Hence, it is advised to dilute the solution before administration and take along with meals to avoid gastrointestinal irritation.

Dehydration

Potassium Chloride should be used with extreme caution in patients with acute dehydration due to the risk of severe adverse effects. Close monitoring of the clinical condition, appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative might be required based on the clinical condition.

Missed Dose

Oral forms: Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed dose. Parenteral forms: Since this medicine is usually administered by a qualified healthcare professional in the clinical/hospital setting, the likelihood of a missed dose is very low.

Overdose

Oral forms: Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose. Parenteral forms: Since this medicine is administered in the hospital setting by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of an overdose is very less. However, emergency medical treatment will be initiated by the doctor if an overdose is suspected.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Aliskiren

Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI's)

Spironolactone

Disease interactions

Disease

Information not available.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
Oral forms: Take Potassium Chloride as instructed by your doctor. Do not take in larger amounts than advised/prescribed. Consult the doctor if you experience any undesirable effects. Do not stop taking the medicine before completion of the course/without consulting your doctor. Parenteral forms: This medicine is usually administered in the clinical/hospital setting under the supervision of a qualified healthcare professional. Follow all the instructions given by your doctor. Inform the doctor if you have a known allergy to this medicine. Report all your current medicines as well as your medical conditions to the doctor before receiving this medicine.
Miscelleneous

Usage does not depend on food timings

To be taken as instructed by doctor

Does not cause sleepiness

How it works
Potassium Chloride helps to maintain potassium balance in the body by restoring normal potassium levels in depleted patients.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Minerals and electrolytes

Schedule

Schedule H

[Internet]. Medicines.org.uk. 2018 [cited 31 December 2018]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/6272/smpc

[Internet]. Dailymed.nlm.nih.gov. 2018 [cited 31 December 2018]. Available from:

https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=8b9b0bfc-3338-418b-5f95-a29a120955f4

Potassium chloride - DrugBank [Internet]. Drugbank.ca. 2018 [cited 31 December 2018]. Available from:

https://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00761

[Internet]. Accessdata.fda.gov. 2019 [cited 22 April 2019]. Available from:

https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2014/206814lbl.pdf

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Information on this page was last updated on 22 Apr 2019

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.