Nitazoxanide

Description

Nitazoxanide is used for the treatment of diarrhea in patients with protozoal infections caused by the protozoa Giardia and Cryptosporidium. Do not take this medicine if you have a known allergy to it.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Nitazoxanide

  • Stomach pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Discolored urine
  • Skin rash and itching

Uses of Nitazoxanide

What is it prescribed for?

  • Giardiasis
  • Cryptosporidiosis infection
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The amount of time required for this medicine to show its action is not clinically established.
  • Duration of effect
    The amount of time for which this medicine remains active in the body is not clinically established.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit-forming tendencies were reported.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. Discuss all the risks and benefits with your doctor before taking this medicine.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.

Allergy

This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a known allergy to nitazoxanide or any other inactive ingredients present along with it.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. Discuss all the risks and benefits with your doctor before taking this medicine.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.
General warnings

Liver impairment

This medicine should be used with caution in patients suffering from liver diseases due to the increased risk of severe adverse effects. Close monitoring of liver function tests is necessary while receiving this medicine. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition.

Kidney impairment

This medicine should be used with caution in patients with a history of kidney diseases due to the increased risk of severe adverse effects. Close monitoring of kidney function, appropriate dose adjustments, or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition of the patient.

Use in children

The tablet form of this medicine is not recommended for use in children aged below 12 years. The oral suspension form of this medicine is used in children aged 1 to 11 years. The safety and efficacy of this medicine have not been clinically established in children below 1-year-old.

Other uses

Your doctor may prescribe this medicine for indications other than those stated above in certain specific circumstances, especially if other medicines are not effective. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor in such cases.

Missed Dose

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed dose.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Valporic Acid

Glimepiride

Lorazepam

Phenytoin

Methotrexate

Warfarin

Disease interactions

Diabetes

The oral suspension form of this medicine should be used with caution in patients with diabetes because it contains sucrose. Close monitoring of blood glucose levels is necessary while receiving this medicine. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be necessary based on the clinical condition of the patient.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
Take this medicine with food or as instructed by the doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts than advised/prescribed. Consult the doctor if you experience any undesirable effects. Do not stop taking the medicine before completion of the course/without consulting your doctor.
Miscelleneous

To be taken with food

To be taken as instructed by doctor

May cause sleepiness

How it works
It works by inhibiting the growth of protozoa that cause diarrhea in patients with protozoal infections.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Unknown

Unknown

Classification

Category

Anti-parasitic Agents, Antiprotozoals

Schedule

Schedule H

[Internet]. Accessdata.fda.gov. 2018 [cited 24 September 2018]. Available from:

https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2005/021818lbl.pdf

Nitazoxanide [Internet]. Pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. 2018 [cited 24 September 2018]. Available from:

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/41684

Nitazoxanide - DrugBank [Internet]. Drugbank.ca. 2018 [cited 24 September 2018]. Available from:

https://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00507

Nitazoxanide: MedlinePlus Drug Information [Internet]. Medlineplus.gov. 2019 [cited 22 March 2019]. Available from:

https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a603017.html

DailyMed - Alinia- nitazoxanide tablet Alinia- nitazoxanide powder, for suspension [Internet]. Dailymed.nlm.nih.gov. 2019 [cited 22 March 2019]. Available from:

https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=56b1575a-dff4-4c5a-a159-2f858e7a0cb8

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Information on this page was last updated on 22 Mar 2019

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.