Magnesium Hydroxide

Description

Magnesium Hydroxide is a stool softener used in the treatment of constipation; it prevents dry and hard stools. It is also used to relieve symptoms such as heartburn, sour stomach, flatulence, etc.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Magnesium Hydroxide

  • Stomach upset
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps
  • Muscle weakness

Uses of Magnesium Hydroxide

What is it prescribed for?

  • Constipation
  • Dyspepsia
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The effect of this medicine can be observed within 30 to 90 minutes of administration of the dose.
  • Duration of effect
    The amount of time for which this medicine remains effective is subject to vary based on the strength and form of administration.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit-forming tendencies were reported.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.

Allergy

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with a known allergy to magnesium hydroxide or any other inactive ingredients present along with it.

Severe renal impairment

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients suffering from severe renal impairment due to the increased risk of severe adverse effects.

Electrolytes imbalance

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients suffering from an existing electrolyte imbalance due to the increased risk of worsening of the patient's condition.

Fecal impaction or rectal fissures

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients suffering from a fecal impaction, a condition where a large or hardened mass of stool gets stuck in the rectum or lower colon due to chronic constipation and in patients with rectal fissures, a small tear in the lining of the anus which causes severe pain during bowel movements due to the increased risk of worsening of the patient's condition.

Gastrointestinal obstruction or perforation

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients suffering from a gastrointestinal obstruction or perforation due to the increased risk of worsening of the patient's condition.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.
General warnings

Liver impairment

This medicine should be used with caution in patients suffering from liver diseases due to the increased risk of severe adverse effects. Close monitoring of liver function is recommended for such patients. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be necessary based on the clinical condition of the patient.

Hypermagnesaemia

Use of this medicine may increase the magnesium levels in the blood. The risk is especially higher in patients suffering from kidney diseases. Report any symptoms such as flushing of the skin, increased thirst, difficulty in breathing, changes in heart rate, etc. to the doctor immediately. Close monitoring of magnesium levels, appropriate dose adjustments, or replacement with a suitable alternative may be necessary based on the clinical condition of the patient.

Missed Dose

If a dose of this medicine is missed, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double the dose to make up for the missed one.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Ciprofloxacin

Raltegravir

Cefpodoxime

Disease interactions

Renal Dysfunction

This medicine should be used with caution in patients suffering from mild-to-moderate kidney function impairment due to the increased risk of severe adverse effects. It is not recommended for use in patients with severe renal impairment. Close monitoring of kidney function tests, appropriate dose adjustments, or replacement with a suitable alternative may be necessary based on the clinical condition of the patient.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
Take this medicine exactly as instructed by the doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts than prescribed/advised. Seek emergency medical treatment in case of any severe adverse effects. Ensure that the course of treatment is completed. Do not stop the use of this medicine without consulting your doctor.
Miscelleneous

Can be taken with or without food, as advised by your doctor

To be taken as instructed by doctor

Does not cause sleepiness

How it works
This medicine reduces the amount of stomach acid and acts as an antacid. As a laxative, it increases the amount of water in the intestines and promotes bowel movements.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Antacids, Laxatives

Schedule

OTC

DailyMed - Magnesium hydroxide liquid [Internet]. Dailymed.nlm.nih.gov. 2018 [cited 2 August 2018]. Available from:

https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=c29995d6-e8f2-4e7b-aa03-6ce5aa0e7710

Magnesium hydroxide - DrugBank [Internet]. Drugbank.ca. 2018 [cited 2 August 2018]. Available from:

https://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB09104

Magnesium Hydroxide Mixture BP - Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) - (eMC) [Internet]. Medicines.org.uk. 2018 [cited 2 August 2018]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/4908/smpc

Magnesium Hydroxide: MedlinePlus Drug Information [Internet]. Medlineplus.gov. 2018 [cited 2 August 2018]. Available from:

https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a601073.html

Phillips' Milk of Magnesia - Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) - (eMC) [Internet]. Medicines.org.uk. 2018 [cited 2 August 2018]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/173/smpc

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Information on this page was last updated on 14 Aug 2018

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.