Lopinavir

Description

Lopinavir is an antiviral medicine that is used along with ritonavir to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This medicine is not a cure for HIV. It only prevents the virus from multiplying in your body.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Lopinavir

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Constipation
  • Indigestion
  • Rash
  • Itching
  • Blurred vision
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Dizziness

Uses of Lopinavir

What is it prescribed for?

  • HIV infection
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The amount of time required for this medicine to show its action is not clinically established.
  • Duration of effect
    The time until which this medicine remains active in the body is not clinically established.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit-forming tendencies were reported.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is recommended for use in breastfeeding women only in life-threatening conditions. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine. Your doctor may advise you to discontinue the drug or to discontinue breastfeeding based on your clinical condition.

Allergy

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with a known allergy to lopinavir or any other inactive ingredients present along with it.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is recommended for use in breastfeeding women only in life-threatening conditions. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine. Your doctor may advise you to discontinue the drug or to discontinue breastfeeding based on your clinical condition.
General warnings

Altered blood glucose levels

This medicine may alter blood glucose levels in some patients. This risk is especially higher in patients with a history of diabetes mellitus. Close monitoring of blood glucose levels, appropriate dose adjustments, or replacement with a suitable alternative may be necessary in some cases based on the clinical condition.

Missed Dose

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed one.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Rosuvastatin

Acarbose

abemaciclib

Disease interactions

Disease

Information not available.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
Take this medicine with or without food, as directed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts than advised/prescribed. Consult the doctor if you experience any undesirable side effects. Complete the course of treatment to prevent the spread of the infection. Do not stop the use of this medicine without consulting your doctor.
Miscelleneous

Can be taken with or without food, as advised by your doctor

To be taken as instructed by doctor

Does not cause sleepiness

How it works
It works by stopping the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from multiplying. This helps in reducing the chances of development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and other HIV-related illnesses.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Protease inhibitors

Schedule

Schedule H

Lopinavir - DrugBank [Internet]. Drugbank.ca. 2018 [cited 9 April 2018]. Available from:

https://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB01601

Lopinavir [Internet]. Pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. 2018 [cited 9 April 2018]. Available from:

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Lopinavir#section=Toxicity

[Internet]. Davisplus.fadavis.com. 2018 [cited 9 April 2018]. Available from:

https://davisplus.fadavis.com/3976/meddeck/pdf/lopinavirritonavir.pdf

[Internet]. Accessdata.fda.gov. 2018 [cited 9 April 2018]. Available from:

https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2005/021906lbl.pdf

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Information on this page was last updated on 18 Apr 2018

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.