Enalapril

Description

Enalapril is used in the treatment of high blood pressure and certain other heart conditions. It is important to maintain a proper diet and exercise regularly when taking this medicine. Do not take this medicine if you have a known allergy to it.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Enalapril

  • Blurred vision
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness when getting up suddenly from a sitting position
  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Fever or chills
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash
  • Lack of strength
  • Increase in the potassium levels

Uses of Enalapril

What is it prescribed for?

  • Hypertension
  • Congestive Heart Failure
  • Left Ventricular Dysfunction
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 15 minutes after an intravenous injection and 1 hour after an oral dose.
  • Duration of effect
    The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 6 hours after an intravenous dose and 12-24 hours after an oral dose.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    You should avoid the consumption of alcohol while taking this medicine as it may cause dizziness, headache, and changes in heart rate. Avoid driving or operating heavy machinery if you have these symptoms.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit forming tendency has been reported.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. Discuss all the risks and benefits with your doctor before using this medicine.

Allergy

Avoid taking this medicine, if you have a known allergy to it or any medicine of the same class.

Aliskiren

Use of these medicines is not recommended in the elderly population with diabetes and kidney disease with CrCl less than 60 ml/min.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. Discuss all the risks and benefits with your doctor before using this medicine.
General warnings

Hypotension

Symptomatic hypotension may occur in patients with volume depletion or who are treated with high-dose diuretics. Correct the condition before starting Enalapril or start the treatment at reduced doses.

Hyperkalemia

Enalapril may cause an increase in the potassium levels in the blood. Use with caution in patients with concomitant use of potassium-sparing diuretics or potassium supplements and in patients with impaired kidney function.

Pediatric population

The safety and efficacy of Enalapril has not been established in children age below 18 years.

Cough

Enalapril may cause persistent nonproductive cough. It is resolved when the medicine is discontinued.

Impaired liver function

Enalapril may rarely cause liver injuries like jaundice or hepatitis. Discontinue the medicine if any signs of liver injury like increased liver enzyme levels.

Missed Dose

The missed dose should be taken as soon possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already time for your next scheduled dose.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of overdose.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Use of Enalapril with alcohol will have an additive effect in lowering the blood pressure.

Instructions

You should avoid the consumption of alcohol while taking this medicine as it may cause dizziness, headache, and changes in heart rate. Avoid driving or operating heavy machinery if you have these symptoms.
Interaction with Medicine

Losartan

Corticosteroids

Aliskiren

Insulin

Diclofenac

Disease interactions

Angioedema

Enalapril is not recommended in patients with a history of Angioedema or a family history of Angioedema. Any symptoms of swelling of face, lips, and eyes should be informed to the doctor. If necessary, an alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
Take Enalapril with or without food. Do not take in larger amounts than advised. Inform the doctor if you experience any undesirable effects.
Miscelleneous

Can be taken with or without food, as advised by your doctor

To be taken as instructed by doctor

Does not cause sleepiness

How it works
This medicine relaxes the blood vessels and promotes a smooth flow of the blood, thus helping in reducing the blood pressure.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors

Schedule

Schedule H

[Internet]. 2017 [cited 27 March 2017]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/medicine/25937

Enalapril: MedlinePlus Drug Information [Internet]. Medlineplus.gov. 2017 [cited 27 March 2017]. Available from:

https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a686022.html

Prescribing medicines in pregnancy database [Internet]. Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA). 2017 [cited 27 March 2017]. Available from:

https://www.tga.gov.au/prescribing-medicines-pregnancy-database#searchname

[Internet]. Toxnet.nlm.nih.gov. 2017 [cited 27 March 2017]. Available from:

https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search2/f?./temp/~hmNFOJ:1

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Information on this page was last updated on 8 Jul 2019

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.