Amoxycillin

Description

Amoxycillin is a penicillin-type antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections. This antibiotic is used to treat different types of bacterial infections of the throat, lungs, ears, nose, urinary tract, and skin. Amoxycillin is also used with other medications to kill helicobacter pylori bacteria that cause stomach ulcers. This medicine stops the growth of bacteria causing the infection. It is not effective against infections caused by viruses. Side effects of Amoxycillin are diarrhoea, stomach pain, headache, weakness, nausea, and vomiting. Inform your doctor if you are allergic to penicillin. Use it cautiously in individuals with kidney problems. Amoxycillin can make birth control pills less effective. You may be asked to take a different way of birth control methods to prevent unintended pregnancy. Amoxycillin is available on prescription as capsules, tablets, injection, syrup and suspension. You can take Amoxycillin around the same time every day for the ease of remembering. For the best results, take this antibiotic at evenly spaced times. Once an antibiotic is started, it is always recommended to finish the entire course of treatment.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Amoxycillin

  • Stomach discomfort
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Skin rash
  • Loose stools
  • Dizziness
  • Fever
  • Tooth discoloration
  • Change in taste
  • Headache

Uses of Amoxycillin

What is it prescribed for?

  • Acute otitis media
  • Sinusitis
  • Pharyngitis/Tonsilitis
  • Lung infections
  • Skin and soft tissue infections
  • Cystitis
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Typhoid fever
  • Peptic Ulcer
  • Dental Abcess
  • Bacterial endocarditis
  • Pyelonephritis
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    Amoxicillin starts working within 1 hour of administration. You will start to feel better in 3 to 5 days after taking amoxicillin. But finish your entire course of treatment, even if the condition gets better.
  • Duration of effect
    The effect of amoxicillin lasts for about 6 to 8 hours and then you may have to take your next dose as directed by your doctor/pharmacist.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit-forming tendency has been reported for Amoxycillin.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    Amoxycillin is generally safe in pregnancy to treat bacterial infections. It is not known to cause birth defects when taken by pregnant women. Hence it is acceptable for use upon your doctor's recommendation.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    Amoxycillin is safe to use during breastfeeding. It is not known to be harmful to breastfeeding women. It passes into breast milk in very low levels that are not expected to cause adverse effects in breastfed infants. Hence it is acceptable for use upon your doctor's recommendation.

Allergy

Avoid taking Amoxycillin if you are previously allergic to it. Some patients may get allergic reactions to this medicine. Seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of allergic reactions such as skin rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, breathing difficulties, etc.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

Amoxycillin is generally safe in pregnancy to treat bacterial infections. It is not known to cause birth defects when taken by pregnant women. Hence it is acceptable for use upon your doctor's recommendation.

Breast-feeding

Amoxycillin is safe to use during breastfeeding. It is not known to be harmful to breastfeeding women. It passes into breast milk in very low levels that are not expected to cause adverse effects in breastfed infants. Hence it is acceptable for use upon your doctor's recommendation.
General warnings

Allergic reaction

Amoxycillin is likely to cause severe allergic reactions in some people. Seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms such as skin rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, or breathing difficulties.

Antibiotic resistance

Finish your entire course of treatment with Amoxycillin, even if the condition gets better to avoid antibiotic resistance (the bacteria may become resistant to antibiotics). If you still feel unwell after completing your antibiotic course, make an appointment to consult your doctor.

Diarrhoea

Amoxycillin can cause diarrhoea because it may also kill the helpful bacteria in your stomach or intestine. Get emergency medical help if you experience severe diarrhoea that is watery or bloody. Call your pharmacist/doctor before taking anti-diarrhoeal medication.

Driving or operating machinery

Amoxycillin may cause dizziness, confusion, or fits in some people. Do not drive a vehicle or operate machinery after taking this medicine.

Missed Dose

Oral forms: Try not to skip a dose. And if a dose is skipped, do not add it up to the next dose. Injection: This medicine is administered in the hospital or clinical setting by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of a missed dose is very low.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical attention or contact your doctor in case of an overdose.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Doxycycline

Methotrexate

Warfarin

Ethinyl Estradiol

Disease interactions

Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis is also called as kissing disease is an infection caused by Epstein-Barr virus. It is spread through saliva. People with mononucleosis may develop a maculopapular skin rash (flat and small raised bumps on the skin) after 5-10 days of treatment with Amoxycillin and resolves within days of discontinuing the use. Amoxycillin may not be appropriate medicine in patients with mononucleosis.

Colitis

Amoxycillin can kill the helpful bacteria in your stomach or intestine and leads to diarrhoea. Therefore use Amoxycillin with extreme caution in patients with gastrointestinal (mouth to anus) diseases, particularly colitis (swelling of the inner lining of the colon), since it may worsen the patient's condition.

Kidney Disease

Amoxycillin is filtered by the kidney and moved out of the body through urine. Patients with kidney diseases need special consideration while taking Amoxycillin due to the risk of kidney damage. Dose adjustment should be done based on the clinical condition.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions

Urine Sugar Test

Amoxycillin is moved out from the body via urine. High urine concentrations of Amoxycillin might give a false-positive result for the urine sugar test (test to determine the presence of glucose). Inform your doctor or lab technician about the use of Amoxycillin before doing this test.
Oral forms: Take the medicine with or without food. Never take more than the prescribed dose. Do not give your medicine to other people even if their condition appears to be the same as yours. Injection: This medicine should be administered by a qualified healthcare professional in a clinic or hospital.
Miscelleneous

Can be taken with or without food, as advised by your doctor

To be taken as instructed by doctor

Does not cause sleepiness

How it works
Amoxycillin works by preventing the formation of bacterial cell walls. This helps in stopping the growth and multiplication of the microorganism, eventually killing it.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Aminopenicillins, Antibiotics

Schedule

Schedule H

Medicines.org.uk. 2021. Amoxicillin 500Mg Capsules - Summary Of Product Characteristics (Smpc) - (Emc). [online] Available at: < [Accessed 5 January 2021].

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/526/smpc>

Accessdata.fda.gov. 2021. [online] Available at: < [Accessed 5 January 2021].

https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2008/050760s11,050761s11,050754s12,050542s25lbl.pdf>

Drugs, H., 2021. Amoxicillin: Medlineplus Drug Information. [online] Medlineplus.gov. Available at: < [Accessed 22 January 2021].

https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a685001.html>

Go.drugbank.com. 2021. Amoxicillin | Drugbank Online. [online] Available at: < [Accessed 22 January 2021].

https://go.drugbank.com/drugs/DB01060>

Pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. 2021. Amoxicillin. [online] Available at: < [Accessed 22 January 2021].

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Amoxicillin>

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Information on this page was last updated on 17 Feb 2021

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.