Amoxycillin

Description

Amoxycillin is used for treating a wide variety of bacterial infections. It stops the bacteria from growing by interfering with the cell wall synthesis. It's used to treat infections of the lungs and airways, middle ear, sinuses, skin, and the urinary tract.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Amoxycillin

  • Hypersensitivity
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Joint pain
  • Skin yellowing
  • Easy bruising and bleeding
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Tooth discoloration
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Altered sense of taste
  • Convulsions

Uses of Amoxycillin

What is it prescribed for?

  • Ear Infection (Otitis Media)
  • Nose Infection (Sinusitis)
  • Throat Infection (Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis)
  • Lower Respiratory Tract Infection
  • Skin Infection
  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Gonorrhea and associated infections
  • Typhoid fever
  • Stomach Ulcers
  • Dental Abcess
  • Endocarditis
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The effect of this medicine can be observed within 1-2 hours of administration.
  • Duration of effect
    The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 6 hours.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit forming tendencies have been reported.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not known to cause any harm to the fetus. However, it should be used only when necessary and the potential benefits outweigh the risks. It is advised to consult a doctor before taking this medicine.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is safe to use during breastfeeding. Close monitoring of the infant for any undesired effects is necessary when using this medicine. It is advised to consult a doctor before taking this medicine.

Allergy

This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a known allergy to Amoxycillin or any other antibiotics of Penicillins and Cephalosporins groups.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not known to cause any harm to the fetus. However, it should be used only when necessary and the potential benefits outweigh the risks. It is advised to consult a doctor before taking this medicine.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is safe to use during breastfeeding. Close monitoring of the infant for any undesired effects is necessary when using this medicine. It is advised to consult a doctor before taking this medicine.
General warnings

Allergic Reaction

Amoxycillin is likely to cause moderate to severe allergic reaction and the likelihood is very high in patients who are known to have an antibiotic allergy. Report the occurrence of any such reaction to the doctor on priority.

Diarrhea

Amoxycillin is likely to cause diarrhea. It may be a mild episode requiring no specific treatment or a severe case of colitis or Clostridium Difficile-Associated Diarrhea (CDAD). Chances of occurrence are very high in patients having a history of diarrhea after using antibiotics. All such instances should be reported to the doctor on priority.

Mononucleosis

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with Mononucleosis. Amoxycillin is likely to cause rashes and bumps on the skin if the patient is suffering from Mononucleosis.

Drug-resistance

Usage of Amoxycillin without sufficient proof or suspicion of a bacterial infection should be avoided. Irrational dosing might fail in providing the benefits and even cause toxicity. It may also increase the risk of development of bacteria that are drug resistant.

Missed Dose

The missed dose should be taken as soon as possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already the time for your next scheduled dose.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose. Symptoms of an overdose include convulsions, change in behavior, or a severe skin rash.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Doxycycline

Methotrexate

Warfarin

Ethinyl Estradiol

Disease interactions

Mononucleosis

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with a history of Mononucleosis since these patients may develop a skin reaction/eruption. Replacement with a suitable alternative should be done under your doctor's supervision.

Colitis

This medicine should be used with extreme caution in patients having a history of gastrointestinal diseases, particularly colitis. Inform your doctor if you have any history of gastrointestinal diseases. Report any incidence of severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, and blood in stools to the doctor immediately.

Renal Diseases

Amoxycillin should be used with caution in patients with a history of renal diseases or active renal diseases. Close monitoring of the renal function is necessary while receiving this medicine. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative might be required in some cases based on the clinical condition.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions

Urine Sugar Test

Report the use of Amoxycillin prior to the test. This medicine may give a false positive result for the presence of glucose/sugar in the urine. The urine sugar test should be performed with different reagents in case you are receiving this medicine.
Amoxycillin should not be used if there is a history of an allergy to antibiotics of penicillin and cephalosporin groups. Inform the doctor about conditions like asthma, liver diseases, kidney diseases, Mononucleosis, Gonorrhea prior to receiving this medicine.
Miscelleneous

Can be taken with or without food, as advised by your doctor

To be taken as instructed by doctor

Does not cause sleepiness

How it works
Amoxycillin works by preventing the creation of a component necessary for bacterial cell wall formation. This helps in stopping the growth and multiplication of the microorganism, eventually killing it.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Aminopenicillins

Schedule

Schedule H

Amoxicillin - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses [Internet]. Drugs.com. 2017 [cited 6 March 2017]. Available from:

https://www.drugs.com/pro/amoxicillin.html

[Internet]. 2017 [cited 6 March 2017]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/PIL.26162.latest.pdf

[Internet]. 2017 [cited 29 June 2017]. Available from:

https://davisplus.fadavis.com/3976/meddeck/pdf/amoxicillin.pdf

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Information on this page was last updated on 13 Apr 2018

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.