Adrenaline

Description

The primary ingredient of Adrenaline is also known as epinephrine, a hormone secreted from the adrenal medulla and certain neurons. As a medication, it is can be used to treat conditions like severe low blood pressure, heart attack, asthma, and severe allergic reactions. This medicine can also be used for pupil dilation during an eye surgery

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Adrenaline

  • Increased heartrate
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Blurred vision
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Mood or mental changes
  • Increase in blood pressure
  • Loss of appetite

Uses of Adrenaline

What is it prescribed for?

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Hypotention due to septic shock
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Bradycardia
  • Mydriasis
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The amount of time taken by this medicine to show its effect is subject to vary based on the individual, strength, and form of administration.
  • Duration of effect
    The effect of this medicine normally lasts for an average duration of 4 hours and may vary based on the intended use.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit-forming tendencies were reported.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before receiving this medicine.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before receiving this medicine.

Allergy

This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a known allergy to adrenaline or any other inactive ingredients present along with it.

Narrow-angle glaucoma

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with narrow-angle glaucoma due to the risk of worsening of the patient's condition.

Thyrotoxicosis

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with excess production of thyroid hormone in the body or with thyroid toxicity due to the risk of worsening of the patient's condition.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before receiving this medicine.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. The risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before receiving this medicine.
General warnings

Brain disorders

This medicine should be used with extreme caution in patients with brain damage or brain disorders such as stroke due to the increased risk of worsening of the patient's condition. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition of the patient.

Pheochromocytoma

This medicine should be used with extreme caution in patients with a tumor on the adrenal gland due to the increased risk of worsening of the patient's condition. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition of the patient.

Atherosclerosis

This medicine should be used with extreme caution in patients with atherosclerosis (a condition where arteries become narrowed or hardened with fatty substances) due to the increased risk of worsening of the patient's condition. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition of the patient.

Pulmonary edema

This medicine may cause excess fluid accumulation in the lungs during therapy in some patients. Appropriate corrective measures, dose adjustments, or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition of the patient.

Kidney impairment

This medicine should be used with caution in patients with a history of kidney diseases due to the increased risk of severe adverse effects. Close monitoring of kidney function, appropriate dose adjustments, or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition of the patient.

Liver impairment

This medicine should be used with caution in patients suffering from liver diseases due to the increased risk of severe adverse effects. Close monitoring of liver function tests is necessary while receiving this medicine. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition.

Serious infections at the injection site

This medicine may cause serious skin and soft tissue infections at the injection site in some patients. Report signs or symptoms of infection such as redness, warmth, swelling, or tenderness at the site of injection to the doctor immediately. Close monitoring of clinical condition, appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition.

Other uses

Your doctor may prescribe this medicine for indications other than those stated above in certain specific circumstances, especially if other medicines are not effective. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor in such cases.

Hypertension

This medicine may increase the blood pressure levels in some patients during therapy. Close monitoring of blood pressure levels is necessary while receiving this medicine. Appropriate corrective measures, dose adjustments, or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition of the patient.

Missed Dose

Since this medicine is administered in the hospital or clinical setting by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of a missed dose is very low.

Overdose

Since this medicine is administered in the hospital or clinical setting by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of an overdose is very low. However, emergency medical treatment will be initiated by the doctor if an overdose is suspected.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Amitriptyline

Beta blockers

Procarbazine

Imipramine

Disease interactions

Cardiovascular disorders

This medicine should be used with extreme caution in patients with cardiovascular disorders due to the increased risk of worsening of the patient's condition. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition of the patient.

Parkinson's disease

This medicine should be used with extreme caution in patients with Parkinson's disease due to the increased risk of adverse effects. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition of the patient.

Diabetes

This medicine should be used with extreme caution in patients with diabetes due to the increased risk of worsening of the patient's condition. Close monitoring of blood glucose levels is necessary while receiving this medicine. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition of the patient.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
This medicine is usually administered in the clinical/hospital setting under the supervision of a qualified healthcare professional. Inform the doctor if you have a known allergy to this medicine. Report all your current medicines as well as your medical conditions to the doctor before receiving this medicine.
Miscelleneous

Usage does not depend on food timings

To be taken as instructed by doctor

Effect on sleep is not established

How it works
This medicine helps to narrow blood vessels and relaxes the smooth muscle of lungs, stomach, intestine, uterus, and urinary bladder
Legal Status

Approved

Unknown

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Adrenergic bronchodilators, Catecholamines, Vasopressors

Schedule

Schedule H

[Internet]. Pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. 2019 [cited 2 January 2019]. Available from:

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/epinephrine

[Internet]. Drugbank.ca. 2019 [cited 2 January 2019]. Available from:

https://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00668

[Internet]. Medicines.org.uk. 2019 [cited 2 January 2019]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/files/pil.3673.pdf

[Internet]. Medicines.org.uk. 2019 [cited 2 January 2019]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/files/pil.2024.pdf

[Internet]. Tredegarpractice.nhs.uk. 2019 [cited 2 January 2019]. Available from:

http://www.tredegarpractice.nhs.uk/website/F84696/files/Why%20have%20I%20been%20prescribed%20Emerade%20Final.pdf

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Information on this page was last updated on 27 Feb 2019

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.