Acamprosate

Description

Acamprosate is used along with counseling and social support to help patients who are dependent on alcohol to abstain from drinking alcoholic drinks. However, it does not prevent the withdrawal symptoms that patients may experience when alcohol consumption is stopped. It is also not effective if the consumption of alcohol or other substances of abuse is continued. This medicine is not recommended for use in patients less than 18 years of age.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Acamprosate

  • Headache
  • Abdominal pain
  • Back pain
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Chest pain and discomfort
  • Fever and chills
  • Suicidal thinking and behaviour
  • Palpitations
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Fall in blood pressure
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Bloody or coffee colored vomit
  • Gastric Ulcer
  • Thyroid imbalances
  • Anemia
  • Changes in weight
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Decrease in sexual drive
  • Agitation and anxiety
  • Aggression or anger
  • Vision disturbances

Uses of Acamprosate

What is it prescribed for?

  • Alcohol dependence
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The peak effect of this medicine can be observed within 3-8 hours of administration of the dose.
  • Duration of effect
    The amount of time for which this medicine remains active in the body is not clinically established.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit-forming tendencies were reported.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. Your doctor will determine the best course of treatment after assessing the condition as well as the potential benefits and risks associated with the use of this medicine.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. Your doctor will determine the best course of treatment after assessing the condition as well as the potential benefits and risks associated with the use of this medicine.

Allergy

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with a known allergy to acamprosate or any other inactive ingredients present along with it.

Severe renal impairment

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with severe renal impairment due to the increased risk of worsening of the patient’s condition.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. Your doctor will determine the best course of treatment after assessing the condition as well as the potential benefits and risks associated with the use of this medicine.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. Your doctor will determine the best course of treatment after assessing the condition as well as the potential benefits and risks associated with the use of this medicine.
General warnings

Counseling and social support

This drug should be used in conjunction with counseling and social support to obtain the best possible effect. Use of alcohol should be avoided during treatment with this medicine. Treatment should continue even if the patient relapses.

Withdrawal symptoms

This medicine is used for maintenance of alcohol abstinence and does not provide relief from alcohol withdrawal symptoms.

Kidney function impairment

This medicine should be used with caution in patients with kidney diseases due to the increased risk of severe adverse effects and worsening of the patient's condition. Regular monitoring of kidney function tests is necessary while receiving this medicine. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition.

Suicidal ideation

This medicine should be used with caution due to the increased risk of suicidal tendencies. Patients should be closely monitored for any change in mood or behavior. Any such symptoms should be reported to the doctor on priority. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be necessary in some cases based on the clinical condition.

Use in children

This medicine is not recommended for use in patients less than 18 years of age since the safety and efficacy of use are not clinically established.

Driving or Operating machinery

Use of this medicine may cause blurred vision or dizziness in some patients. It may also affect thinking, decision making, and coordination. It is advised that you do not perform any activities such as driving a vehicle or operating machinery if you experience any of these symptoms during treatment with this medicine.

Alcohol and substance abuse

Consumption of alcohol or any other recreational drug should be avoided while taking this medicine. Failure to do so may result in relapse and the abstinence therapy may become ineffective.

Liver function impairment

This medicine should be used with caution in patients with liver diseases due to the increased risk of severe adverse effects and worsening of the patient's condition. Regular monitoring of liver function tests is necessary while receiving this medicine. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in some cases based on the clinical condition.

Missed Dose

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed one.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine
Disease interactions

Disease

Information not available.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
Take this medicine exactly as prescribed by the doctor. It works effectively in conjunction with counseling and social support. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller quantities than recommended. Consumption of alcohol or any other recreational drugs should be avoided while taking this medicine. It is advised that you report the use of all your current medicines as well as your medical conditions to the doctor before beginning treatment with this medicine.
Miscelleneous

Can be taken with or without food, as advised by your doctor

To be taken as instructed by doctor

May cause sleepiness

How it works
This medicine works by stabilizing the chemical balance in the brain that would otherwise be disrupted by consumption of large quantities of alcohol for an extended duration.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Drugs used in alcohol dependence

Schedule

Schedule H

Acamprosate - DrugBank [Internet]. Drugbank.ca. 2018 [cited 21 August 2018]. Available from:

https://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00659

[Internet]. Accessdata.fda.gov. 2018 [cited 21 August 2018]. Available from:

https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2010/021431s013lbl.pdf

[Internet]. Medicines.org.uk. 2018 [cited 21 August 2018]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/files/pil.986.pdf

Campral [Internet]. Healthdirect.gov.au. 2018 [cited 21 August 2018]. Available from:

https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/medicines/brand/amt,4045011000036109/campral

TGA eBS - Product and Consumer Medicine Information Licence [Internet]. Ebs.tga.gov.au. 2018 [cited 21 August 2018]. Available from:

https://www.ebs.tga.gov.au/ebs/picmi/picmirepository.nsf/pdf?OpenAgent&id=CP-2010-CMI-05014-3&d=201808211016933

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Information on this page was last updated on 27 Dec 2018

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.