1. What is GERD?
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a type of ailment in which the stomach acid moves backward to the oesophagus, thereby irritating the lining of the oesophagus and causing a feeling of burning in the chest.
2. What are the symptoms associated with GERD?
The following symptoms are usually associated with GERD:
- A burning feeling in the chest
- Bitter taste
- Cough or asthma
- Chest pain
3. What causes GERD?
GERD occurs when there is a frequent reflux of stomach acid due to the weakening of lower oesophageal sphincter. The risk factors include:
- Obesity or hiatal hernia
- Zollinger–Ellison syndrome or scleroderma
4. What changes in the diet can help me in managing GERD?
The recommended changes in the diet that can help you in management of GERD are as follows:
- Intake of a well-balanced diet that consists of plenty of fruits and green leafy vegetables along with lean proteins
- Drinking plenty of water
- Refraining from spicy food, outside contaminated food, fried foodstuffs, alcohol, caffeine
- Having light meals
5. Is GERD a curable condition?
GERD is a chronic disease that cannot be completely cured; however, its symptoms are controlled by medications and preventive measures. The recommended lifestyle changes by a physician should be adhered for lifetime.