1. What is arthritis?
Arthritis is swelling and tenderness of one or more joints, which generally increases with advancing age. Arthritis can be of many different types - rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, spondylitis, etc.
2. What are the causes of arthritis?
Breakage of tissues covering the end of bones at joints, deterioration of joints due to autoimmune diseases, excessive uric acid and diseases like psoriasis and lupus can cause arthritis. Injury and infection too can cause arthritis. Genetic factors and smoking too can cause arthritis.
3. Does arthritis worsen with age?
Arthritis may start between the age of 20s to 40s and worsens with age as the joint starts to weaken due to wear and tear, increase in weight or due to wrong postures.
4. What are the early signs of arthritis?
The common signs of arthritis are joint pain, swelling, redness, stiffness of joints, and decreased motion. Occasionally, cracking sounds too can be heard in arthritis.
5. How can one prevent arthritis?
We can prevent arthritis by eating a healthy diet, control bodyweight, indulge in moderate daily exercise, avoid joint injury during playing sports and preventing joint strain in day to day work with correct posture techniques. Controlling sugar levels too can help prevent arthritis.
Inflammation of the joints is known as arthritis. Arthritis can affect more than one joint at a time. More than 100 types of arthritis are there and have different causes and different treatments. The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The symptoms of arthritis may appear suddenly or over the period of time and the arthritis is commonly seen in adults over the age of 65. Arthritis can develop in children, teenagers, and young adults. Arthritis in women and overweight people is more common.
Following are the common signs and symptoms of arthritis:
To diagnose arthritis, doctors will examine the location of the joint and perform a few tests to determine the kind of inflammation and the kind of arthritis the patient has. The blood tests that specifically check for antibodies like anti-CCP, RF (Rheumatoid Factor), and ANA are the common markers. Imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI, and CT Scans are used to get the images of the bones and cartilages.
The main reason to get the arthritis treatment is to reduce the maximum amount of pain and discomfort and to avoid any additional damage to the joints. Treatment options available are:
Analgesics such as hydrocodone, acetaminophen help in reducing the pain and inflammation
Following are the few lifestyle modifications and home remedies: