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1. What is arthritis?
Arthritis is a condition that causes inflammation in one or more joints of the body, causing stiffness and pain. The disease worsens with age.
2. What are the causes of arthritis?
Possible causes of arthritis include:
• Changes in metabolism (as occurs in gout)
• Injuries and infections of the bone
• Dysfunction of the immune system, [as occurs in rheumatoid arthritis and SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus)]
• Genetic factors (causing osteoarthritis)
• Physically demanding occupations
3. Does arthritis worsen with age?
Osteoarthritis, the most common type of arthritis worsens with age. The cushioning surface on the ends of bones is lost which causes stiffness, swelling and pain. Over time, the pain becomes severe, and the joints might lose strength.
4. What are the early signs of arthritis?
The early signs of arthritis depend on the type of arthritis. Common signs of arthritis are redness, pain, swelling and stiffness in your joints, and reduced range of motion of the joints.
5. How can one prevent arthritis?
Arthritis cannot be prevented. However, the risks of the condition can be reduced by:
• Maintaining a healthy weight
• Performing 30 minutes of physical activity every day
• Controlling blood sugar levels
• Protecting the joints from injuries by wearing protective gears while playing sports
• Using the strongest and largest joints for lifting and carrying objects.
Inflammation of the joints is known as arthritis. Arthritis can affect more than one joint at a time. More than 100 types of arthritis are there and have different causes and different treatments. The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The symptoms of arthritis may appear suddenly or over the period of time and the arthritis is commonly seen in adults over the age of 65. Arthritis can develop in children, teenagers, and young adults. Arthritis in women and overweight people is more common.
Following are the common signs and symptoms of arthritis:
To diagnose arthritis, doctors will examine the location of the joint and perform a few tests to determine the kind of inflammation and the kind of arthritis the patient has. The blood tests that specifically check for antibodies like anti-CCP, RF (Rheumatoid Factor), and ANA are the common markers. Imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI, and CT Scans are used to get the images of the bones and cartilages.
The main reason to get the arthritis treatment is to reduce the maximum amount of pain and discomfort and to avoid any additional damage to the joints. Treatment options available are:
Analgesics such as hydrocodone, acetaminophen help in reducing the pain and inflammation
Following are the few lifestyle modifications and home remedies: