Frequently Asked Questions
What is VP Shunt?
VP shunt is a medical device that helps in decreasing the pressure on the brain caused by an accumulation of fluid [hydrocephalus]. VP Shunting is a surgical procedure of placing VP [Ventriculoperitoneal] Shunt in the brain. There are two types of VP shunts and they are:
What are the advantages of VP Shunt?
Advantages of VP Shunt are:
- Decreases the excess fluid accumulation in the brain
- Releases the pressure in the brain
- Drains extra CSF [Cerebrospinal Fluid] from the brain
- Restores the size of brain ventricles
What are the indications of VP Shunt?
VP Shunt is indicated in the condition of hydrocephalus, where fluid accumulates in the brain and leads to excessive brain pressure and eventually damages the brain.
What are the steps involved in VP Shunt?
- The patient will be sedated using general anesthesia to avoid any pain during the surgery.
- An area of hair will be removed from the top, back, or behind the ear.
- An incision will be made behind the ear and a small cut in the abdomen.
- A small hole will be drilled in the skull and a catheter will be passed into the brain ventricles.
- A second catheter is placed under the skin behind the ear and passed to the belly through the chest.
- Now, a valve is placed under the skin and connects the two catheters. This valve opens whenever extra pressure builds in the brain and the excess fluid will be passed out through the catheter into the belly.
Who can perform VP Shunt [Right specialist type for VP Shunt]?
VP Shunt can be performed by an experienced Neurosurgeon.
What is the cost of VP Shunt?
Cost of VP Shunt depends on factors such as:
- Admission fee
- Surgeon fee
- Type of VP shunt planned to be used
- Age of the patient
- Severity of the medical condition of the patient
- Post-surgical complications that are involved
- Type of Hospital
- The admission room that you opted for
- Any other lab tests or examination tests such as X-ray, ECG, etc.
Minimum cost for VP Shunt in Hyderabad starts from Rs. 24,000
Average expenses for VP Shunt in Hyderabad is approximately Rs. 80,000
Maximum amount to be paid for VP Shunt in Hyderabad rises up to Rs. 1,20,000
Is VP Shunt a major surgery or minor surgery?
VP Shunt is major surgery as it involves making a small hole behind the ear and drains the excess fluid in the brain.
What are the risks and complications associated with VP Shunt?
Following are the risks and complications of VP Shunt:
- Leakage of the fluid under the skin
- Brain tissue damage
- Infection at the site of incisions
- Infection to the shunt
- Intestinal perforation
- Cerebral edema
- Brain infection
- Formation of blood clots in the brain
How long does it take to complete VP Shunt?
The Neurosurgeon may take almost 90 minutes to complete the VP Shunt surgery.
What is the recovery time?
The patients who undergo VP Shunt may take 3-5 days to recover. Most of the patients will be discharged after 7 days of completion of the surgery.
What is the success rate of VP Shunt?
The success rate of VP Shunt depends on:
- Age of the patient
- Severity of the disease
- Experience of the surgeon
- Type of VP shunt used
However, the success rate of VP Shunt maybe around 50% to 65%.
Is VP Shunt Permanent?
VP Shunt may be placed either temporarily or permanently depending on the severity of the accumulation of fluid in the brain.
What are the long-term results of VP Shunt?
Long-term results of VP Shunt are the following:
- Decreases the brain pressure
- Drains the excess fluid in the brain
- Infection at the site of incisions made [behind the ear and abdomen]
Can VP Shunt be detected in future?
VP Shunt may be detected in the future as this surgery leaves scars behind the ear and on the abdomen. The catheters can also be detected under-ray examination.
What are the options if VP Shunt fails?
If VP Shunt fails, the doctor may suggest revision surgery.
What are the alternatives for VP Shunt?
Alternatives for VP Shunt are:
- Choroid plexectomy or choroid plexus coagulation
- Open surgery
- Endoscopic fenestration