1. What are the symptoms associated with type 1 diabetes?
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes include increased appetite, increased thirst, weight loss, increased urination, irritability, blurred vision, fatigue and weakness.
2. Is type 1 diabetes curable?
Type 1 diabetes remains difficult to treat to date. The treatment is based on a combination of insulin medications, oral diabetes medicines, diet and lifestyle modifications.
3. What are the self-care tips to manage type 1 diabetes?
Self-care tips for type 1 diabetes include eating a diet low in the glycaemic index and high in fibre. Eat whole grains, legumes and vegetables. Avoid deep-fried foods, aerated beverages, sweets, pasta, chocolates, etc. Make regular visits to the eye doctor to check for raised blood pressure and retinopathies.
4. Is type 1 diabetes life threatening?
Patients with type 1 diabetes can have ketoacidosis, which, if left untreated, can lead to coma that is life-threatening. Untreated and uncontrolled diabetes increases the risk of gangrene, nephropathies and retinopathies, which reduces the quality of life.
5. What is the duration of treatment for type 1 diabetes?
Patients with type 1 diabetes require treatment for life. The treatment is dependent on a combination of insulin medications, oral diabetes medicines, diet and lifestyle modifications.