Frequently Asked Questions
What is Proctoscopy?
Proctoscopy is a medical procedure done to check and evaluate the rectum and anus of an individual. The rectum is the final portion of the large intestine and anus is the opening of the rectum. Proctoscopy is done to detect the presence of polyps, tumors or internal damage or bleeding in the rectum and anus. The device used to visualize the rectum is called a proctoscope. The proctoscope is a short hollow tube usually made of plastic or metal with a small light and lens at the end which helps in the examination of the tissues.
What are the advantages of Proctoscopy?
Advantages of Proctoscopy are:
- Diagnose diseases affecting anus and rectum
- Detect the site of bleeding and tissue damage
- Collection of a tissue sample (Biopsy)
- Finding and removal of polyps and abnormal tissue growths.
What are the indications of Proctoscopy?
Proctoscopy is indicated for:
- Suspected abnormal tissue growths in the rectum and anus
- Bleeding and pain while passing stools
- Unexplained pain in the abdomen
What are the steps involved in Proctoscopy?
Steps involved in the Proctoscopy are:
- The patient is directed to lie down on one side with knees facing toward the chest.
- Then, the doctor will insert the proctoscope into the rectum.
- Proctoscope has a light and a lens that helps the doctor to visualize the inner structures of the rectum.
- Sometimes, the doctor will use some other medical instruments to take a tissue sample from the rectum (biopsy) for further investigations.
- After finishing the examination of the rectum and anus, the proctoscope will be removed.
Who can perform Proctoscopy [Right specialist type for Proctoscopy]?
Proctoscopy can be performed by:
- Colorectal surgeon
- Experienced Colonoscopist
What is the cost of Proctoscopy?
Cost of Proctoscopy may vary and the factors that affect the price are:
- Admission fee
- Doctor fee
- The medical condition of the patient
- Post-procedure complications that are involved
- Type of hospital
- The admission room that you opted for
Minimum amount to be paid for Proctoscopy in Hyderabad starts from Rs.1,500
Average charges for Proctoscopy in Hyderabad is approximately Rs.5,750
Maximum expenses for Proctoscopy in Hyderabad rises up to Rs.8,500
Is Proctoscopy a major or minor procedure?
Proctoscopy is considered a minor procedure as it involves in visualization and examination of the inner tissue lining of the rectum and anus.
What are the risks and complications associated with Proctoscopy?
Risks and complications involved in Proctoscopy are:
- Bleeding from the site of examination or site of the biopsy
- A tear or perforation in the wall of the rectum
- Nausea and vomiting
How long does it take to complete Proctoscopy?
Generally, Proctoscopy takes 10 to 25 minutes to complete. If any polyps are needed to remove, then it may take more time to complete.
What is the recovery time for Proctoscopy?
After the Proctoscopy, most people can continue their daily and social activities within 24 hours. On average, the recovery time is 24 to 48 hours.
What is the success rate of Proctoscopy?
The success rate of Proctoscopy depends on the following factors:
- Bowel preparation
- Experience of the doctor
- Age and health condition of the patient
However, the success rate of Proctoscopy in the examination of the rectum is 85% to 98%.
Is Proctoscopy permanent?
Proctoscopy is used to evaluate and diagnose the rectum for any abnormalities like inflammation, ulcers, tumors, and blood loss, etc. and is not a permanent procedure as the proctoscope will be removed at the end of the procedure.
What are the alternatives for Proctoscopy?
Few alternatives for Proctoscopy are:
- Fecal occult blood tests
- Double-contrast barium enema