Who is an Ophthalmologist?
Ophthalmologists are doctors who are specialized in evaluating, diagnosing, and treating eye diseases & medical conditions. So, they are the ones who are trained in Ophthalmology; a branch of medicine that deals with the management and treatment of eye disorders like cataracts, glaucoma, near sight, far sight, bulging eyes, dry eyes, and color blindness, etc.
What are the qualifications of Ophthalmologists?
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, following are the specialties or extra qualifications required to be an Ophthalmologist:
- FRCS - Ophthalmology (Edin)
- Fellow of the Royal College of Ophthalmologists of UK (FRCOphth.UK)
- MS - Ophthalmology
- FAICO (Fellow of All India Collegium of Ophthalmology)
- Masters Royal College of Ophthalmologists (MRCO)
- Diplomat of the American Board of Ophthalmology
- MNAMS - Ophthalmology
- MD - Ophthalmology
- DNB - Ophthalmology
- FCPS- Ophthalmology
What are the conditions treated by an Ophthalmologist?
Either medications or surgery can treat or cure most of the eye disorders and diseases. So, if an individual is suffering or has been diagnosed with any of the following diseases, then he/she must visit an Ophthalmologist.
- Ocular hypertension
- Retinal detachment
- Dry eye
- Pink eyes
- Low vision
- Poor vision of eyes [Lazy eye]
- Twitching of eyelids
- Eye flashes
- Strabismus [Crossed eyes]
- Color blindness
- Bulging of eyes
- Macular degeneration
What is the difference between an Ophthalmologist and an Optometrist?
An Ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who is well trained to perform both medical and surgical interventions for eye diseases and disorders. However, Optometrist is a doctor who examines, diagnoses, and treats eye conditions.
Can Ophthalmologists cure color blindness?
Ophthalmologists can examine and diagnose color blindness and unfortunately, to date, there is no cure for color blindness. However, with the help of contact lenses and glasses which come with filters can be used to fill the color deficiencies.
Does an Ophthalmologist perform LASIK?
Yes, Ophthalmologists can perform LASIK on individuals who are suffering from eye disorders. However, before suggesting LASIK, Ophthalmologists will suggest a few tests to make sure that the LASIK is necessary for one to have good eye health.
What are the different types of Eye Checkups?
- Eye muscle test
- Visual acuity test
- Refraction assessment
- Visual field test - confrontation test, manual testing, automated perimetry
- Cold vision testing
- Slit-lamp examination
- A retinal examination - direct exam and indirect exam
- Screening for Glaucoma - applanation tonometry, noncontact tonometry
What are the general guidelines for eye checkups?
General guideline for General Eye Checkup are:
- For children 3 years and younger: the doctor will check for the most common eye problems such as lazy eyes, crossed eyes, etc.
- More comprehensive eye checkups for children should be done at the age of 3 to 5 years.
- School-age children and adolescents: vision check should be done every 2 years
- Every 5 to 10 years in your 20s and 30s
- Every 2 to 4 years in your 40s and 50s
- Every 1 to 3 years in your 50s and 60s
- Every 1 to 2 years in your 60s and 70s