Frequently Asked Questions
What is Gastroscopy?
Gastroscopy is a medical examination of the upper digestive tract which includes the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (first part of the small intestine). It is done with the help of an endoscope. An endoscope is a long, thin, flexible tube containing a camera and a light to view the lining of the organs in the digestive tract. This procedure helps the doctor to check any problem within the digestive tract.
The endoscope is inserted through the natural openings like mouth or rectum, or by making a small incision. There are two types of Gastroscopy. They are:
- Diagnostic Gastroscopy: If the gastroscopy is used for diagnostic purposes to check or confirm the symptoms, then it is known as Diagnostic Gastroscopy.
- Therapeutic Gastroscopy: If gastroscopy is used to treat certain conditions then it is known as a Therapeutic gastroscopy.
What are the advantages of Gastroscopy?
The advantages of Gastroscopy are as follows:
- It is a less invasive procedure
- It can detect active bleeding area inside the body
- Can treat digestive problems
- With special instruments attached to the endoscope, it collects the sample from the organ
- Less post-operative pain
- Recovery time is faster
- Identifies the abnormal tissues and prevents the injury to surrounding tissues
What are the indications of Gastroscopy?
The following are the indications of Gastroscopy:
- Abdominal pain
- Stomach ulcers
- Gastro-esophageal Reflex disorder (GERD)
- Bleeding ulcers
- Blockage in Esophagus
- Polyps (non-cancerous growths)
What is the preparation for Gastroscopy?
The following are the preparation steps to be followed for Gastroscopy:
- The doctor will advise the patient to restrict eating and drinking at least 8 hours before Gastroscopy.
- The patient should stop taking blood thinners as instructed by the doctor.
- Inform the doctor regarding your health condition and all the medications you are taking.
- Discuss the risks, complications, and benefits associated with Gastroscopy with the doctor.
What are the steps involved in Gastroscopy?
The following are the steps involved in Gastroscopy:
- The throat of the patient is numbed with the help of a local anesthetic spray.
- The doctor may also use a sedative sometimes.
- The endoscope is inserted in the mouth and placed at the back of the mouth and ask to swallow the first part of the tube.
- It will be then passed through the esophagus and into the stomach.
- Then the doctor examines the internal parts of the stomach.
What is the postprocedure care/recovery care for Gastroscopy?
- After the procedure, the patient may be transferred to the recovery room. The patient may feel mild discomfort or sore throat.
- The vitals of the patient will be monitored by the doctor.
- The doctor will tell the patient when to have food and when to drive home.
- If there is a pain at the site of examination even after the procedure, the patient may be prescribed with some pain killers by the doctor.
Who can perform Gastroscopy [Right specialist for Gastroscopy]?
The right specialist for Gastroscopy is an experienced Gastroenterologist.
What is the cost of Gastroscopy?
The cost of Gastroscopy in Bangalore depends on:
- Type of Gastroscopy performed
- Type of the hospital
- The number of incisions needed to be made for examining the internal organs
Minimum cost in Hyderabad starts from Rs.2,000
Average price in Hyderabad is approximately Rs.6,000
Maximum expenses in Hyderabad rise up to Rs.10,000
Is Gastroscopy major surgery or minor procedure?
Gastroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure which is considered a minor procedure.
What is the eligibility criteria for Gastroscopy?
The following are the eligibility criteria for Gastroscopy:
- Individuals above 18 years
- People who are not diagnosed or without a known cause for abnormal symptoms
- Patients with a good immune system
- Patients who are not responding to the treatment
What is the ineligibility criteria for Gastroscopy?
The following are the ineligibility criteria for Gastroscopy:
- Patients with blood and heart disorders
- Individuals with an active severe infection of a specific organ
- Patients who are already diagnosed or with a known cause for abnormal symptoms
What are the risks and complications associated with Gastroscopy?
Risks and complications associated with Gastroscopy are
- Infection at the site of an incision
- Inflammation to the specific area where the endoscope is used
- Bleeding in the organ may occur
- Organ damage, irregular heartbeat
- Difficulty in breathing
- Burning sensation at the site of anesthetic injection
- Chest pain can occur
- Difficulty in urination
How long does it take to complete Gastroscopy?
Gastroscopy may hardly take 15 minutes to diagnose and it may take a while longer for therapeutic purposes.
What is the recovery time?
The recovery is immediate as it is a minimally invasive procedure.
What is the success rate of Gastroscopy?
The success rate of Gastroscopy depends on:
- Age of the patient
- The area to be examined
- Experience of the doctor
- Type of Gastroscopy
Is Gastroscopy painful?
During Gastroscopy, local anesthesia will be given to the patient to numb the specific area of the body. So, most patients who undergo Gastroscopy does not feel pain and may experience similar to the discomfort, indigestion, or sore throat.
Is Gastroscopy permanent?
Gastroscopy is utilized to check the internal organs of the body through an opening or small surgical incision. This may not be permanent because the doctor removes the tube from the opening after completion of the examination.
What are the long-term results of Gastroscopy?
It depends on the type of Gastroscopy used based on the health condition of a patient. Some of the long-term results for most of the Gastroscopy are:
- Reoccurrence of the ulcer
- Dryness of the specific area
- Inflammation of the opening
- May cause permanent damage to the organ
- Chances of development of infection
What Gastroscopy can detect?
Gastroscopy can detect:
- Abnormal growth of cells
- Any blood leakage
- Inflammation inside the body
- The health condition of the internal organs
What are the options if Gastroscopy fails?
If the gastroscopy fails, then the doctor may repeat the procedure or the other option is open surgery.
What are the alternatives for Gastroscopy?
The following are some of the alternatives to Gastroscopy for looking into the human body.
- X-rays [For diagnostic purposes]
- Open surgery [For treatment procedures]
- Barium X-ray
- Ultrasound sonography scan [USG scan]