Frequently Asked Questions
What is Cataract Surgery and who can perform?
A cataract is a condition in which your lens becomes cloudy which affects the eyesight causing blurring of vision and increased glare of lights. Cataract Surgery is a medical procedure done to replace the natural eye lens with an artificial lens or an Intraocular lens. It is a common and safe procedure. There are three types of Cataract surgery:
- Extracapsular surgery
- Intracapsular cataract surgery
Cataract Surgery is performed by a certified and skilled Ophthalmologist who is well experienced in performing Cataract surgery.
What are the applications of Cataract Surgery?
- Safe and painless procedure
- High success rates
- Can go home on the same day of surgery
- Improves vision
What are the reasons to get Cataract Surgery?
Following may be the reasons to get Cataract Surgery,:
- Blurred vision
- Less sharp colors
- Poor night-time vision
- Halos and starbursts when looking at bright lights.
What are the preparations required for Cataract Surgery?
- Stop using any contact lenses at least a week prior to the surgery for measuring intraocular lens and power.
- Should discuss all the risks, complications, and benefits of Cataract Surgery with the doctor.
- Avoid applying any creams or makeup on surgery day.
- The patient should undergo a few lab tests suggested by the doctor.
What is the stepwise procedure for performing Cataract Surgery?
Cataract Surgery involves the following steps:
Method-1: Intracapsular cataract surgery
- This method is used rarely, In this method, a larger slit than the extracapsular method is made on the side of the cornea by the surgeon.
- The eye lens is removed all at once instead of breaking it into pieces and an artificial lens or Intraocular lens (IOL) is placed in the eye.
- Normal vision will be restored by these clear, silicone or plastic lens suited for your eye size.
- Phacoemulsification is also called small incision cataract surgery and is similar to the extracapsular surgery but in a more advanced way.
- A local anesthetic is given and a small opening is made at the side of the cornea.
- A device breaks the lens into small pieces with the help of ultrasound. These pieces are then removed carefully with the help of suction.
- This will leave an intact space for the artificial lens to rest.
Method-3: Extracapsular surgery
- This method is used to treat advanced cataracts where the lens is too thick.
- During this procedure, the cataract (cloudy central section) is slipped out of the lens in one piece without breaking into the pieces through a slit is made on the side of the cornea by your surgeon.
- The rest of the lens is vacuumed out and is it is replaced by the artificial lens.
What is the post-surgery/procedure care taken for patients?
- Avoid going for a swim after the surgery at least for a week.
- Do not use lotions, creams, make-up, etc around the operated area.
- There should be follow-up visits to your doctor after this surgery after two days, the following week, and then again after a month to monitor the eye.
- Avoid going to crowded places and dusty areas to reduce complications after the surgery.
- Use sunglasses if you go out. This may protect you from direct sunlight and sensitivity to light.
How much amount should pay for Cataract Surgery in Delhi?
Charges for Cataract Surgery in Delhi may change depending on factors such as:
- Type of eye implants used
- Doctor fee
- Age of the patient
- Hospital charges
- Medical condition
- Type of procedure
- Lab tests recommended
Minimum price in Delhi starts from Rs.16,800
Average expenses in Delhi is approximately Rs.28,271
Maximum cost in Delhi rises up to Rs.52,500
Is Cataract Surgery a major or minor surgery/procedure?
Cataract surgery is a minor surgery.
What are the criteria required for the patients to undergo Cataract Surgery?
Eligible candidates for Cataract Surgery are:
- The significant blurring of eye lens.
- The best correction of visual acuity (visual clarity) is 6/9 or worse.
- Age of patients equal to or greater than 60 years.
- Accidental eye lens damage due to foreign bodies
Who cannot undergo Cataract Surgery?
Ineligible candidates for Cataract Surgery are:
- Old age people with diabetes or any other health condition(s)
- Pre-existing eye disease (Glaucoma or Dry eyes)
- Ill Health
- Medications that may interfere with this surgery (Antidepressants may cause chronic eye dryness)
What are the risks and complications of Cataract Surgery?
Cataract Surgery has the following risks and complications:
- Infection and bleeding
- Displacement of the artificial lens
- Drooping and swollen eyelids
- Retinal detachment
- Secondary cataract
- Loss of vision
What is the time required to complete Cataract Surgery?
Cataract Surgery may take about 5-15 minutes to complete.
What is the complete recovery time from Cataract Surgery?
The vision of the patient improves immediately after the surgery however, it may take a week to 15 days to recover from the surgery. The doctor would ask you to wear a protective eye shield till the incisions on the eye heal.
What is the success rate of Cataract Surgery?
A few factors may determine the success rate of Cataract Surgery and they are:
- Patient age
- Health condition of the patient
- Type of surgery performed.
However, the success rate of Cataract Surgery is 96-98%.
Does a patient experience any pain during Cataract Surgery?
You won't be experiencing pain during this process because you will be under general anesthesia. There may be some discomfort after the procedure.
Is Cataract Surgery a permanent procedure/surgery?
Cataract surgery is a permanent surgery.
What can be the long-term effects of Cataract Surgery?
There are no long-term complications involved in this process. Most of the patients' vision was improved after the Cataract surgery without any complications.
What are the alternative methods for Cataract Surgery?
The following are the alternatives for Cataract Surgery:
- Lifestyle changes
- Eye drops
- Use of contact lenses, glasses, bifocals, other visual aids, etc.