Electrolyte Imbalance

From time to time he experience lethargy, dehyderation and altered state of mind. had a history of low sodium levels. 1. How do we monitor his sodium levels? 2. Is this common at this age? 3. What could be undelying cause of this? 4. What can happen if this is not monitored or managed appropriately?
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Dr. Manju Lihala
General Physician 36 yrs exp Kolkata
Yes this is common in old age if they do not eat properly due to loss of appetite or any illness . His sodium can be monitored by doing serum electrolyte blood test regularly. If not managed properly then he will have disorientation and in severe cases can become unconscious or slip into coma. See that he eats regular meals, takes ORS frequently, fruit juices, tender coconut water.
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