1. What is the causative agent of smallpox?
A virus called Variola causes smallpox. This virus belongs to the orthopox family, which includes many infectious viral agents that are antigenically similar. Infection from one virus can provide immunisation against other viruses of this family.
2. What is the treatment for smallpox?
Smallpox is treated with vaccination made from Vaccinia virus, a less virulent strain of Variola virus from orthopox family.
3. Is smallpox associated with fever?
Yes, smallpox symptoms include high fever, which usually appears after the incubation period of the virus and may last for 2-4 days.
4. Can smallpox be life threatening?
Yes, smallpox can be fatal if the vaccination is not provided between 2-4 days after the symptoms appear.
5. Is smallpox contagious?
Yes, smallpox is contagious and can easily be transmitted through coughing, sneezing or even from contaminated clothes of the infected person.