Psychiatry is basically a branch of medicine which deals with diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment for different kinds of mental disorders such as depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, addiction, eating disorders etc. So, a psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in mental health.
There are a variety of reasons for which you can consult a psychiatrist. If you have problems adjusting after a major change in life such as death of a spouse or a loved one, life changing diseases etc, you must consult a psychiatrist. People who have anxiety issues, suicidal thinking, thoughts of hurting themselves or other people, memory problems, body image issues, drug abuse, alcohol addiction, obsessive thinking or behaviour, poor concentration, constant negative thoughts, disjointed thoughts, addictive behaviour, hallucinations, insomnia, violence outburst, depression etc must visit a psychiatrist in order to receive proper treatment for these issues.
Psychiatrists have different specialization areas. Firstly there are addiction psychiatrists who deal with patients suffering from addiction as well as substance abuse problems. Then there are adult psychiatrists who handle patients suffering from a wide array of mental illnesses such as bipolar diseases, schizophrenia and psychological distress. These psychiatrists are known as neuropsychiatrists. Teens and children also have lot of mental and body image issues. For this, a child psychiatrist needs to be consulted. Then there are psychiatrists who work specially with the elderly. They are known as geriatric psychiatrists.
The consultation fee of a psychiatrist usually begins at Rs 500.
Psychological Treatment Rs 500-Rs 3000 per session
Psychiatrists offer different kind of treatments as per requirement of the patient.
Psychological Treatment– Also referred to as psychotherapy or talking therapy, the psychiatrists will use this to help you come out of your problems by offering multiple counselling sessions.
Brain stimulation therapies – One of the most commonly used brain stimulation therapy is elctroconvulsive therapy. This will be provided only if a patient suffers from severe depression, mania or schizophrenia.
Medication- Psychotropics such as Fluoxetine are prescribed to treat some mental illnesses.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy- This is used to treat people with unhealthy or negative thoughts.
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy- It used to treat patients suffering from borderline personality disorder, unhealthy thoughts, unexplained aggression, post- traumatic stress etc.