Frequently Asked Questions
What is Angiography?
Angiography is done to check the blockages of blood vessels by injecting an X-ray contrast dye through the blood vessels which enables the doctor to evaluate the intricate blood supply system for blockages or damages within vital organs in certain disease conditions like cerebral, peripheral and cardiovascular diseases. The following are the types of Angiography:
- Eye Angiography
- Digital Subtraction Angiography
- Cerebral Angiography
- Aortic Angiography
- Magnetic Resonance Angiography
- Pulmonary Angiography
- Coronary Angiography
- Renal Angiography
- Right or left heart ventriculography
- Radionuclide Angiography
What are the advantages of Angiography?
- Efficient treatment for a particular disease or condition.
- Identify blocks in blood vessels and organs.
- Accurate images of the internal blood vessels and arteries.
- Diagnosing specific diseases.
What are the indications of Angiography?
Angiography is indicated in the following conditions:
- Renovascular disease
- Elective embolization
- Maintenance angioplasty
- Coil Embolization
- Mesenteric angina
- Cerebrovascular disease
- Peripheral vascular disease
- Central vascular disease
- Transarterial cancer therapy
What is the preparation for Angiography?
- All the associated risks, complications, and benefits associated with Angiography are to be discussed with your doctor.
- The doctor may ask about the present and past medical and medication history.
- Your doctor will tell you whether to fast or not as some type of angiograms may require fasting.
- Inform your doctor about any blood thinners or pain killer use.
- You may be advised to drink liquids on the day of the procedure.
- You may be will be asked to sign the consent form before undergoing this procedure.
- Inform your doctor about any known allergies towards anesthesia or any known contrast dyes.
What are the steps involved in Angiography?
The general steps involved in angiography are:
- You may be asked to wear a hospital gown.
- You would be sedated.
- A catheter is inserted into the artery and is directed slowly through blood vessels until it reaches the site that needs to be examined.
- X-ray contrast dye is injected into the blood vessel to visualize the blood vessels through X-ray images.
- And the catheter will be removed from the artery.
- The doctor will review the X-ray images to diagnose the problem.
What is the postprocedure care/recovery care for Angiography?
- Follow all the instructions and directions provided by your doctor as there may be some complications and risks after the procedure.
- Postprocedure advice will be given by the doctor
- Consult your doctor immediately If you experience any pain at the catheter insertion site.
- You may need to stay in the hospital until the sedative wears off.
- Pain killer medications may be adviced by the doctor if the pain is severe.
Who can perform Angiography [Right specialist type for Angiography]?
Angiography is done by:
- A vascular surgeon who is experienced in performing a successful angiography.
- Experienced Cardiologist.
- A Surgeon with several successful Angiographies.
What is the cost of Angiography?
Cost of Angiography depends on factors such as:
- Medical condition/diagnosis of the patient
- Type of Admission room opted
- Age of the patient
- Hospital type
- Post-surgery complications
- Doctor fee
- Area of the blood vessels to be evaluated
- The severity of the blood vessels block
- Admission costs
The minimum expenses in Chennai starts at Rs.10,000
An average charge in Chennai is approximately Rs.25,000
The maximum amount to be paid in Chennai is up to Rs.1,00,000
Is Angiography a major procedure or minor procedure?
The procedure can be either major or minor based on the patient diagnosis.
What is the eligibility criteria for Angiography?
Angiography is recommended to people like:
- For conditions like severe atherosclerosis, arthritis, etc.
- Individuals who are suffering from severe chest pain, heart diseases, etc.
- Individuals who are willing to check their heart condition after a heart attack.
What is the ineligibility criteria for Angiography?
Angiography is not recommended to individuals like:
- Already diagnosed individuals with heart disease or chest pain.
- Individuals who had undergone heart surgery recently.
- People with severe kidney disease.
What are the risks and complications associated with Angiography?
Few risks and complications associated with the Angiography are:
- Bleeding and infection at the catheter site
- Allergic reaction to the contrast dye
- Damage to kidneys
- Irregular heartbeat, Heart attack or stroke
- Arteries may be injured where the catheter is inserted
How long does it take to complete Angiography?
Angiography can take 1 to 3 hours, Based on the patient diagnosis.
What is the recovery time?
It may take about 3-6 hours to recover from Angiography after the catheter is removed from the blood vessels and the patient may be discharged on the same day from the hospital.
What is the success rate of Angiography?
Around 97 % of the total Angiography procedures succeed and can depend on factors like:
- Experience of the doctor in performing Angiography
- Patient's age
- Individual medical diagnosis
Is Angiography painful?
Anesthesia will be given by the doctor before the insertion of the catheter so that You won't be experiencing pain during the process. You may experience a bit of pain or discomfort at the site of catheter insertion as the sedative wears off.
Is Angiography Permanent?
Angiography is not a permanent procedure.
What are the long-term results of Angiography?
Angiography is an evaluation procedure and is useful for the doctor to provide long-term treatment plans for the patient after diagnosis.
Can Angiography be detected in the future?
Angiography will not be detected in the future as the contrast dye is excreted from the body in 30 minutes to 2 hours.
What are the options if Angiography fails or not successful?
Angiography is a safe procedure to evaluate any blockages in the blood vessels which supply blood to the vital organs like the brain, kidneys, heart, and lungs. The doctor may use alternative techniques for visualizing the organs.
What are the alternatives for Angiography?
Few alternatives for Angiography are":
- Doppler ultrasound