1. Why does it occur?
Causes of loose motion include bacterial and viral infections; irritable bowel disease and inflammatory bowel disease; medications like antibiotics; lactose intolerance and as a side effect of digestive tract surgeries.
2. How to diagnose the underlying cause of loose motion?
Different diagnostic tests for identifying the underlying cause of loose motions include stool culture for infectious agent, complete blood count, colonoscopy, hydrogen breath tests for lactose intolerance and fecal calprotectin for inflammatory bowel disease. In rare cases, anoscopy or colonoscopy might be recommended.
3. What are the treatments for loose motion?
Treatment requires removal of the underlying cause of loose motions. This includes antibiotic therapy, oral rehydration solution for dehydration, antimotility agents like loperamide, probiotics, zinc supplementation, steroids and immunosuppressants for intestinal disorders and dietary restrictions.
4. What are the complications associated with loose motions?
The main complication associated with loose motions is dehydration, particularly with chronic loose motions. Other complications include low blood pressure, convulsions, malabsorption, multiorgan failure and in extremely rare cases, death.
5. Can it be fatal?
Yes. Loose motions, if not managed early and adequately, can be fatal due to complications like dehydration, kidney failure and multiorgan failure. Dehydration most commonly leads to death if early rehydration is not provided.