Radiology is basically a science which encompasses use of medical imaging processes such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging, x-rays, nuclear medicine, ultrasound etc in order to diagnose as well as treat different diseases and injuries inside human body. The physician with formal training in radiology is referred to as radiologist. There are two main sub-divisions of radiology- interventional radiology and diagnostic radiology.
Ideally, radiologists are consulted for a precise diagnosis of a disease. They play a vital role in monitoring the treatment provided by other experts in the other fields. So, in short they serve the purpose of a consultant to the referring physicians and on basis of their analysis they suggest an appropriate course of treatment.
There are several kinds of medical imaging techniques which fall under the ambit of different specializations done by radiologists. Mentioned below are some of the radiology specifications:
Computed tomography (CT)-It is used to study any part of body by making use of the big quantity of cross-sectional x-rays with computer algorithms
X-rays- this is a non-invasive test to capture images of what is happening inside the body
Bone Densitometryalso known as dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). It measures the level of bone loss in the body
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)- Uses combination of magnetic fields as well as radio waves
Positron emission tomography (PET),
Nuclear medicine and Fusion imaging
Interventional Radiology-Different procedures done by interventional radiologists are Embolization, Angiography, Balloon Angioplasty, Chemoembolization etc.
Cardiovascular Interventional Radiology
The consultation fees of a radiologist usually begin at Rs 500.
Ultrasound Rs 500-Rs 3000
Uterine Artery Embolization Rs 5000-Rs 25,000
Ultrasound Nt Scan Rs 1200- Rs 2,000 per scan
Radiologists perform different kinds of procedures. The most common procedures performed by a radiologist are:
Computed tomography (CT), this is also referred to as a computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan, including CT angiography.
Fluoroscopy, this encompasses upper GI as well as barium enema.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). MRI is used to have highly detailed three dimensional images of different parts of the body. This is particularly helpful in cardiovascular, oncological and neurological problems.
In order to detect cancer cells mammography of the breasts is done.
Plain x-rays which also encompasses chest x-ray.