What is MTP/Medical Abortion?
Medical termination pregnancy [MTP] is also called a medical abortion, medication abortion, or induced abortion. It is a medical method in which medications are used to terminate or end a pregnancy up to nine (9) weeks.
How much does MTP/Medical Abortion cost?
Cost of MTP may vary depending on the following factors
The minimum cost for MTP may be Rs.3,000.
An average cost for MTP may be Rs.5,000.
The maximum cost for MTP may be Rs.8,000.
Right specialist’s type for MTP/Medical Abortion?
Any doctor who is a qualified Gynecologist or who has experience in MTP is allowed to perform this method.
Is medical abortion painful?
There may be pain during and/or after the MTP method in women. This pain will differ from one person to another. Some women may experience discomfort and may take the pain killers prescribed by their doctors. Some may feel just like of normal period or abdominal cramps.
Do medical abortions affect future pregnancies?
The medicines which are used to terminate or prevent the pregnancy will be eliminated out of the body within a few days after consumption. So, there is no chance for these medicines to affect future pregnancies. However, seek advice from your doctor.
How to know medical abortion is complete/successful?
The best way to know whether the medical abortion is complete or not is by having a pregnancy check 3-4 weeks after the completion of the medical abortion course.
If an individual is having extreme pain, heavy bleeding, or pregnancy symptoms even after the completion of medical abortion course, then the individual should go for an ultrasound test to confirm that the abortion was complete or any ongoing pregnancy.
How long does medical abortion take?
In a medical abortion, medications like mifepristone and misoprostol are used. Mifepristone is taken in the presence of a doctor or in the clinic. Then misoprostol will be taken hours or days later depending on the instructions given by your doctor. It takes 3-4 weeks to complete a medical abortion.
MTP works 96-98% if a woman is pregnant up to 8 weeks or less and 93% successful if taken between 8 to 10 weeks of pregnancy.
Can medical abortion be detected in future?
If the medical abortion is done in the early stages of the pregnancy, then there may be very less chance to detect the changes in the cervix. When compared to surgical abortion, chances to detect the previous abortion is very less in medical abortion [MTP].
How medical abortion is done?
Medical abortion can be done by using medications such as:
Till when is medical abortion possible?
Medical abortion is very effective if the medications are taken within the 8th week of pregnancy. These medications are not effective if taken after the 10th week of pregnancy. You are advised to consult your doctor before having a medical abortion.
In a medical abortion, when does bleeding start?
Vaginal bleeding may start within 1-2 days after taking mifepristone. But, in some women, the bleeding may start earlier than expected. Misoprostol can cause bleeding within 4-6 hours of consumption along with abdominal cramps.
When does bleeding stop after medical abortion?
Generally, bleeding will continue for 1 to 3 weeks after the abortion. In some women, bleeding can be heavy for up to 24hours and then slows down. Bleeding stops after the 4th week of abortion or until the embryo is cleaned out of the uterus. Mostly, vaginal bleeding will stop after 4th or 5th week of abortion.
Do medical abortions cause infertility?
Usually, medical abortions don’t affect the fertility of an individual and 2nd pregnancy. However, there is a chance for premature birth and low birth weight.
Why does medical abortion fail?
Failure of medical abortion is very less. If there is no bleeding with pregnancy symptoms for 2 weeks, then the treatment is a failure. This failure may be due to the following reasons:
Does medical abortion have side effects?
Mifepristone and misoprostol are medicines mostly used for medical abortion and there are few side effects for these medicines. Some of the side effects of medical abortion are the following:
Which is better: medical abortion or surgical?
In a comparison between medical abortion and surgical abortion, both procedures are economic and have a high success rate. So, before choosing either of the procedures, seek advice from your Gynecologist for best results.
Is medical abortion covered by insurance?
Your insurance may cover medical termination pregnancy [MTP]. It depends on what plan you take and from which company you are insured.
MTP is an abbreviated form for medical termination of pregnancy. In this method, pregnancy is terminated with the help of medicines. In India medical abortion can be done within the first 10 or 12 weeks of pregnancy by using a combination of Mifepristone and Misoprostol pills or Methotrexate and Metoprolol, or Tamoxifen and Misoprostol.
These pills are available in combi-pack and should be taken in a span of 3 days. These pills should be prescribed by a doctor and should be used under medical surveillance. Medical abortion is a non-invasive, non-surgical process. Hence, it is mostly preferred by the majority of women.
Medical termination of pregnancy is indicated in cases like:
The doctor whom you want to consult for medical abortion should be a Gynecologist along with experience in medical termination pregnancy procedure. You may need to choose the appropriate clinic which is having all the required facilities for a medical abortion procedure.
Your doctor may prescribe you with two medications for medical termination of pregnancy. In which one tablet is oral and the other may be oral or sublingual or buccal or vaginal.
The following care must be taken after the medical termination of the pregnancy.
There are few risks and complications associated with medical abortion and they are the following:
There are some advantages for medical abortion than the surgical abortion and they are the following:
Medical abortion can be used within 10 weeks from the last period. This will help in aborting the pregnancy with minimal side effects and do not affect the next pregnancy. The medicines used in this procedure will not stay long enough in the body to show or to affect the body function.
In most of the cases, medical abortion shows more than 95% of success rate when approached within 9 weeks of pregnancy. Only in 2-5% of the cases, required a surgical abortion even after using medical abortion.
In a few cases, there may be a chance for the failure of medical abortion to abort the pregnancy. So, the patient may need to visit the clinic for a check-up and the doctor may suggest having minor surgery to eliminate the incomplete pregnancy.
To abort or to discontinue the pregnancy, there are two ways and they are medical abortion and surgical abortion. If the individual does not want to have a medical abortion, then surgical abortion is the way to abort the pregnancy.