Frequently asked questions
What is LASIK?
LASIK is most commonly known as laser eye surgery. Full form of LASIK is Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis. It is a surgical procedure which helps to reduce the eye sights such as
- An improper vision of the objects
LASIK decreases the dependency of an individual to wear glasses or contact lens.
How much does LASIK cost?
The cost of LASIK may vary according to the following factors:
- Doctor fee
- Hospital charges
- Medical condition
- Type of LASIK planned to perform
- Lab tests recommended
The minimum price for LASIK in Bangalore starts from Rs.40,000
The average amount to be paid for LASIK in Bangalore is approximately Rs.68,000
The maximum cost for LASIK in Bangalore is up to Rs. 110000
Right specialists type for LASIK?
LASIK or laser eye surgery can be performed by
- An experienced Ophthalmologists with extra training in LASIK surgery
- Any MD [Doctor of medicine] with several years of training in LASIK
- Optometrists who completed LASIK training and performed successful surgeries
Is LASIK safe?
LASIK is a safe procedure for improving eye vision. It does not use any surgical tools such as blades, scissors, stitches etc. It is performed by a well experienced and eye specialist by using a laser and other surgical mechanic tools.
Is LASIK painful?
LASIK is a laser procedure and it does not hurt your eyes as eye drops or anesthetic drops will be applied to the eyes for which LASIK is needed. After the procedure, there may be mild eye discomfort.
Can LASIK be done twice?
LASIK is done to improve eye vision and it reshapes the cornea. So, most of the patients may get second surgery after 5-10 years of the first surgery due to the changes in the cornea and the eye vision.
How LASIK surgery is done?
LASIK surgery is done to the individuals suffering from vision problems by an experienced Ophthalmologist. It is done with the help of the laser and the patient will be under local anesthesia in the form of eye drops. Blades or needles are not used in this procedure.
Is LASIK allowed in the Indian army?
Yes. LASIK can be allowed in the Indian army and if your power is less than +2.5D or -2.5D then it is not recommended.
Is LASIK permanent?
Usually, LASIK is a permanent procedure that helps in improving eye vision. However, in few cases due to changes in the eye lens, vision problems may reappear and can lead to blurred vision.
LASIK at what age?
In a number of cases, LASIK is performed to the individuals who are above 18 years of age. But there is no set of age to perform LASIK surgery and mostly depends on the severity of the eye vision problems.
How LASIK works?
In the LASIK procedure, a laser is used to improve eye vision. This is a refractive surgery where the cornea is reshaped and thus allowing the light to enter correctly into the eye for better vision.
Which is better LASIK or PRK?
LASIK and PRK are refractive surgeries which help an individual to correct the near and farsightedness, and astigmatism. The initial recovery period after PRK is slower than the recovery period required for the LASIK procedure. Visual stability after LASIK is quicker than the PRK surgery. Both methods have their own advantages and disadvantages. So, before choosing the method, have a discussion with your doctor regarding all the benefits, complications, and risks associated with LASIK and PRK.
Is LASIK worth it?
If you are suffering from serious vision problems and that affects your daily and social activities, then the LASIK procedure may be worth it. There are other options to improve eye vision and if they fail to do so, then LASIK is the best option.
Is LASIK covered under insurance?
Your insurance may cover LASIK surgery and depends on what plan you take and from which company you are insured.
Which LASIK surgery is best?
LASIK is one of the most popular laser vision correction surgery and there are four (4) types and they are:
- Wave optimized LASIK
- Wavefront-guided LASIK
- Topography-guided LASIK
- All laser LASIK
Each of the types has its own benefits. But all these will improve eye vision.
Can LASIK surgery be detected?
Yes. LASIK can be detected in the future as the cornea becomes very thin.
You may also want to know
Full form of LASIK is Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis. LASIK is a type of refractive surgery in which a laser is used to enhance or improve the vision of the eye. In LASIK, special equipment called as a microkeratome is used to create a thin flap on the surface of the cornea. After creating a flap, the laser is used to reshape the cornea for better vision. As the desired shape is achieved, then the surgeon will place the flap back on the cornea surface. No stitches are used in this procedure and the surface of the cornea heals by itself within weeks or days.
Mostly, there are four  types of LASIK methods and they are
- Wave optimized LASIK
- Wavefront-guided LASIK
- Topography-guided LASIK
- All laser LASIK
- Wave optimized LASIK uses the detailed curvature measurements of the cornea and reduces the spherical aberrations of the eye. This type is done to preserve the original spherical structure of the eye.
- In wavefront-guided LASIK, it uses the details of how light travels through your eye. Thus, it is recommended for personalized laser treatment for your eye anatomy and vision.
- Topography-guided LASIK uses one of the advanced mapping technologies for laser vision correction.
- In All-Laser LASIK, no blades were used to create a flap and thus eliminates bladed surgical instruments to touch the eye.
LASIK procedure helps to eliminate the dependency of an individual on eyeglasses or contact lens. It helps to treat myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism in an individual. LASIK is a safe procedure for improving eye vision. It does not use any surgical tools such as blades, scissors, or stitches etc. It is performed by a well experienced and eye specialist by using a laser and other surgical mechanic tools.
LASIK is indicated in the following conditions
- Myopia [Visual condition where an individual can see the near objects clearly that the objects far away from the eye]
- Hyperopia [Visual condition where an individual can see far objects clearly and the nearby objects appear blurry]
- Astigmatism [blurred vision due to irregular curvature in the lens in the eyes]
Who is an eligible candidate for LASIK
Following individuals are eligible candidates for LASIK
- Individuals who are above 18years old with eyesight difficulties.
- The cornea of the eye must have sufficient thickness.
- Pupils of the eye must not be over large.
- Individuals with a stable eye vision for almost a year.
- Individuals who do not want to wear a contact lens or eyeglasses.
Who is an ineligible candidate for LASIK
Following individuals are ineligible candidates for LASIK
- Individuals below 18 years old [Depends on the severity of the eyesight]
- Pregnant women
- Individuals with poor health or immune system
- Individuals who are satisfied with either eyeglasses or contact lens and do not want to get this procedure
- Individuals with a change in eye vision over a year
Right specialists type for LASIK
LASIK can be performed by
- An experienced Ophthalmologists with training in LASIK surgery.
- Any MD [Doctor of medicine] with several years of training in LASIK.
- Optometrists who completed LASIK training and performed successful surgeries.
How to prepare for LASIK
Following steps are required for an individual for preparation of LASIK surgery
- Should know all the benefits, risks, and complications associated with the LASIK surgery.
- Prior to the surgery, your doctor will examine your eyes to be sure that they are healthy and free from infection.
- Your doctor will also evaluate the shape and thickness of the cornea of the eye.
- You will be allowed to undergo a wavefront analysis.
- Should stop wearing eyeglasses or contact lens as directed by your doctor.
- Your medical history and health history are noted down by your doctor.
- Take all the medications as instructed by your doctor.
- Don't read, write, or use mobile or computer for about 30 minutes prior to the test.
Steps of LASIK
Steps involved in the LASIK surgery are
- After preparing the patient for surgery, local anesthesia is given to the patient as eye drops.
- Then, specialized equipment known as a microkeratome is used to create a thin hinged flap in the surface of the cornea of an eye.
- Next, your surgeon will activate the LASIK laser, and by using it cornea is reshaped precisely to improve the vision of your eye. This is done while tracking and monitoring your eye with a computer.
- After reshaping the cornea, the surgeon will replace the flap on your surface of the cornea without using any stitches.
Post-procedure care/ recovery after LASIK
Some instructions are to you by your doctor after the completion of surgery and they are
- Avoid bending your waist.
- Avoid few fitness activities like aerobics and jogging.
- Repeated neck movements should be avoided.
- While sleeping, keep your head higher than your chest on the pillow.
- Don't touch or rub your eyes.
- Take all the prescribed medications as directed by your doctor.
- Avoid makeup, creams, and lotions during eye healing.
Risks/ complications associated with LASIK
As with every surgery, LASIK also has its own benefits, risks, and complications and they are the following:
- Temporary visual disturbances
- Eye discomfort
- Irregular healing of the outer layer of the cornea
- Irregular astigmatism
- Inflammation under the LASIK flap
- Blurred vision
- Seeing halos around the objects
- Bulging of the eye surface [Keratectasia or Keratoconus]
- Dry eyes
- Eye infection
- Poor night vision
- Sensitive to light
- Decreased sharpness of the vision
- Rarely vision loss
Advantages of LASIK
Advantages of LASIK surgery are the following
- It has a high success rate than other eye vision correction surgeries.
- Very little pain and discomfort than other types of eye surgeries.
- Correction of vision occurs immediately after the surgery or day after the surgery.
- It does not use any blades to cut the cornea.
- Adjustments can be made to correct the vision during aging.
- May able to eliminate completely the need for eyeglasses or contact lens.
Long term outcome/results of LASIK
Long term outcomes of LASIK are
- Improve eye vision and has a lasting impact
- Permanently corrects astigmatism, near-sightedness, and farsightedness
- Change in the cornea of the eye
- May cause blurred vision
The success rate of LASIK
99% of the patients who underwent LASIK achieve 20/40 vision and more than 90% have 20/20 vision. 96% of patients are satisfied with the outcomes of LASIK.
Options if LASIK is not successful
There are options available if the LASIK surgery is not successful and they are the following
- A LASIK enhancement
- Retreatment with medications and diet
- Additional eye surgery as discussed with your doctor
- Reuse of contact lens or eyeglasses
Alternatives of LASIK
If you are not interested in getting LASIK surgery for improving eye vision, then there are alternatives to LASIK, and they are:
- Phakic intraocular lens implants
- Refractive lens exchange surgery
Know more about LASIK
Corrective Eye Surgeries - An Overview
Corrective eye surgery or refractive eye surgery are broad terms covering a host of surgical options available today, to correct a variety of vision defects, including short-sightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), astigmatism (unevenly curved cornea), and presbyopia (natural decline of vision with age).
Depending on your condition, and the kind of vision correction you need, there are various eye surgeries you can opt for such as:
What is the eligibility criteria for each procedure?
Please refer to the comparative table below for the eligibility criteria of each eye procedure:
What is the cost of each procedure in India?
Cost of Corrective Eye Surgery procedures can vary depending upon the city/locality, clinic/hospital type & amenities, experience of the provider, the technology used, type of correction required, and refractory status of eye/s etc. Typically, the cost may range for each procedure as following:
Please consult your doctor to get the exact treatment plan and price quote suiting your unique needs.
What is the time taken for each procedure?
To know the time taken for each procedure please refer to the table below:
What is the recovery time from each procedure?
To know the recovery time from each corrective eye surgery please refer to the table below: