What is Knee replacement?
Knee replacement surgery is a method where the damaged knee is replaced to its original position and helps in restoring the knee function. So, this procedure helps in reducing the pain and any disability of the knee. This is also called knee arthroplasty.
How much does Knee Replacement cost?
The cost of Knee Replacement may vary according to the following factors:
The minimum cost for Knee Replacement surgery may be Rs. 1,43,000
The average cost of a Knee Replacement surgery may be around Rs. 2,20,000
The maximum cost for Knee Replacement surgery may be Rs. 3,50,000
Right specialists type for Knee Replacement?
Your doctor would hold an affiliated degree of specialization in Orthopedic Surgery or Orthopedics. Moreover, the doctor may have experience in knee replacement surgery.
Is knee replacement safe?
The risks involved with knee replacement are less and they may differ from one patient to another. However, the knee replacement procedure is often safe in majority of the patients.
How successful are knee replacements?
There is almost 95% of success rate for knee replacement surgeries with immediate effect in relieving pain and the implants stay in a good condition for almost 10-20 years.
Should I have a knee replacement or not?
Knee replacement surgery may be done if you experience severe pain and stiffness in the knee region while walking, climbing stairs, or getting up from a chair. Pain in the knee while resting or sleeping, and other conditions such as swollen knees, bowed knee, and knee defects due to major accidents should be considered for knee replacement. In such conditions, your doctor would examine your knees and suggest the surgery.
When should knee replacement surgery be done?
The knee replacement is a major surgery and mostly, it is suggested when other treatments like physiotherapy, steroid injections, medications etc. are not acting/working in reducing the severe knee pain or not helping in improving the knee movement.
Knee replacement risks?
Any surgery may have risks and complications and the knee replacement surgery may include the following risks. Your doctor will discuss all the complications and risks involved in this surgery before undergoing this surgery.
At what age should knee replacement be done?
Generally, people who are suffering from conditions such as osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, any severe knee injury will prefer this surgery. So, most people who prefer this belongs to the age group of 50 to 80 years old.
Should I have a partial knee replacement?
The knee has three  compartments and they are the medial, lateral, and patellofemoral compartment. So, if only any one of the 3 compartments is affected then the partial knee replacement is recommended.
What is total knee replacement?
Total knee replacement is a medical procedure in which the total knee joint is replaced with an artificial knee joint. This requires major surgery and the patient should stay in the hospital for several days and requires continuous monitoring.
What is knee replacement material?
Stainless steel is the most used material for knee replacement surgery. Apart from this material, other metal alloys like cobalt-chromium alloys, titanium alloy, uncemented alloys, etc are used.
What is knee replacement recovery time?
After the knee replacement surgery, the patient may be required to stay in the hospital for about 1-2 days. Most of the patients who undergo this are able to do their daily activities within six  weeks and may take 4 to 6 months or a year to recover fully.
Is knee replacement covered by insurance?
Knee replacement may be covered under your insurance depending on what plan you take and from what company are you insured under.
Knee replacement also called arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the damaged knee is replaced to its original position and helps in restoring the knee function. The damage of the knee usually occurs due to knee injury or conditions like arthritis, especially osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is a condition in which cartilage breaks down and results in rupture of bones within the joint. This may lead to pain, stiffness, inflammation, etc. The other causes of joint damage are torn cartilage, ligament injuries, and dislocated joints, etc. The damage of the knee joint results in the inability to flex and stretch your knees. In such cases, knee replacement is a common solution.
In knee replacement process, a surgeon removes the damaged knee and replaces it with an implant. These implants may depend on various factors like your age, weight, size of your knee, shape, activity level, and overall health, etc. There are certain types of knee replacement surgeries available:
Total knee replacement
In this total knee replacement process, thigh bone and shin bone are removed where they meet at your knee joint. Then the thigh bone at your knee area is replaced with a metal implant and the knee area of your shinbone with a plastic implant.
Partial knee replacement (unicompartmental)
In this process, half of your knee is replaced with an implant. This procedure involves a minor incision with the help of techniques like minimally invasive surgery or reduced invasive surgery. This procedure is preferred when arthritis damages half of the knee or one side of the knee.
Kneecap replacement (patellofemoral arthroplasty)
In this process, just the underlying surface of the kneecap and its groove are replaced. This procedure is only possible when certain parts of the knee are affected by arthritis. This process is also called patellofemoral joint arthroplasty or patellofemoral replacement.
Complex or revision knee replacement
This type of knee replacement is preferred if you are having knee replacement for the second or third time or if there is a major loss of bone due to fracture or severe arthritis, weakness of the knee ligament, or deformity of the knee, etc.
Knee replacement surgeries are preferred to the patient suffering from severe pain, loss of flexibility, inability to move your leg while walking, climbing the stairs, and unable to participate in common activities.
Knee replacement is mainly indicated during conditions like:
Knee replacement is only considered when there is any of the following conditions:
Usually, people with the age group of 50 to 80 years are suggested with this surgery due to the severe damage of the knee caused by arthritis. However, your doctor will make a thorough health check-up and examine your knee before asking you to undergo this surgery.
Your doctor would hold an affiliated degree of specialization in Orthopedic Surgery or Orthopedics. Moreover, the doctor may have experience in knee replacement surgery. This is much more important if you are having a knee replacement for the second time.
Before undergoing this surgery your doctor may advise you to follow some instructions.
The procedure for knee replacement involves the following steps:
Recovery time after the knee replacement may vary from individual to individual. After the surgery, it takes little time to get back to your normal life and so, post-procedure care is provided to the patients and care provided to an individual is almost the same for everyone.
There are few risks and complications involved in the knee replacement surgery and few of them are the following:-
The advantages of knee replacement are the following:
The knee replacement is very successful and has high patient satisfaction rates. There is almost 95% of success rate with immediate effect in relieving pain and the implants stay in a good condition for almost 10-20 years.
There may be a chance for knee replacement failure and it might be due to the infection, loss of range of motion, improper placement of the knee implants, and bone loss. So, in such cases, second knee replacement surgery may be required as per the doctor advice.
Treating knee pain with medications should be the priority rather than knee replacement surgery. So, some of the alternative treatments for knee pain are the following:
If the pain is more severe and persistent, then consult your doctor for advice to choose the best option to relieve the pain and to treat the restricted knee movement.