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1. Who is a Gynaecologist?
Gynaecology is the medical specialization that deals with the female reproductive system. Hence, a Gynaecologist is a doctor who specializes in the health and the problems of the female reproductive system that includes the vagina, ovaries, uterus and breasts. Additionally, gynaecologists are also trained in Obstetrics and hence can deal with pregnancy and child birth too.
2. Is there a difference between Gynaecologist & Obstetrician?
Where a Gynaecologist deals with the health and wellbeing of the female reproductive system, an Obstetrician specializes in pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum care. A Gynaecologist is trained in Obstetrics too. Hence, when a woman is pregnant, she can either consult a Gynaecologist or an Obstetrician, but for issues related to the female reproductive system, she should consult with a Gynaecologist.
3. What are the common procedures performed by a Gynaecologist/Obstetrician?
1. Dilation and Curettage (D&C) – The uterine lining is removed either by suction or with a curette.
2. Hysteroscopy– A hysteroscopy treats minor conditions inside the uterus in a non-invasive manner.
1. Normal delivery - An Obstetrician helps in childbirth.
2. C-section – In case of any complications, the Obstetrician operates on the patient to ensure safe childbirth.
4. Does a Gynaecologist/Obstetrician treat infertility in women?
Yes, a Gynaecologist/Obstetrician is trained to deal with infertility and related health issues in women. Consulting a Gynaecologist can be a great way to understand and evaluate the reason for infertility and explore the various avenues of treatment available. In case of infertility in women, you should consult with your Gynaecologist/Obstetrician, who will then refer to a specialist if required.
5. How often should females visit a Gynaecologist/Obstetrician?
In general, females are advised to visit their Gynaecologist/Obstetrician at least once a year. Annual exams include a number of preventive health screening procedures that can help you keep a tab on your reproductive health and are also advantageous in identifying serious health problems in initial stages. Pregnant women should consult their Gynaecologist/Obstetrician at least three times during pregnancy.
Gynecology is the medical branch that deals with the female reproductive system. So, Gynecologists are the ones who are specialized in diagnosing and treating medical conditions and diseases related to vagina, ovaries, uterus, and breasts.
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, following are the specialties or extra qualifications required to be a Gynecologist:
Individuals who are suffering from diseases and medical conditions related to vagina, ovaries, uterus, and breasts should consult Gynecologist once in 6 months. However, it is recommended that a healthy individual should consult Gynecologist once a year.
Individuals who are suffering from any of the following diseases or medical conditions should consult a Gynecologist.
Gynecologists are the specialized doctors in diagnosing and treating medical conditions related to women’s reproductive organs and health. Whereas, Obstetricians are the ones who treat all the medical conditions of pregnant women during and after pregnancy.
A type of cancer that begins in the female reproductive organs of ovaries is called ovarian cancer. Gynecologists can check the presence or absence of ovarian cancer in women and if there is a presence of cancer, then the Gynecologist may refer the patient to the Oncologist who is experienced in treating ovarian cancer.
Pregnant women may suffer from hormonal imbalance can get treated by Gynecologist with proper medications and lifestyle modifications. Few symptoms of hormonal imbalance are irregular or painful periods, vaginal dryness, diarrhea, constipation, weak bones, indigestion and breast tenderness, etc.
The urinary system of the human body includes kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. So, infection to any of these organs is urinary tract infection [UTI]. Gynecologists or Obstetricians can diagnose and treat UTI with appropriate medications. However, in the case of severe UTI, one can consult a Urologist.
Common surgeries and procedures performed by Gynecologists are: