Ans: Gastroenterology is basically a branch of medicine which deals with the stomach and your digestive system. It encompasses all diseases which have a bearing on the gastrointestinal tract. All organs linked with digestion, from your mouth to the anus, fall under the ambit of gastroenterology. Experts in gastroenterology are referred to as gastroenterologists.
Ans: If you notice any problem related to your digestive system like heartburn, diarrhoea, constipation or abdominal pain you must consult a gastroenterologist. People suffering from chronic digestive disorders need to be under constant care of such a specialist. Conditions such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Disease are best managed by a gastroenterologist. Diseases of pancreases and liver are also treated by a gastroenterologist.
Ans: Some of the sub specialties of gastroenterology include Heptology. Gastroenterologists who work in the surgical field are known as gastro-surgeons.
Ans: To become a gastroenterologist, the candidate has to complete his 5 and a half year MBBS degree. This is followed by a 2 year post graduate MD (Medicine) degree. After this the candidate has to do 3 years of DM course i.e. in gastroenterology, in order to become the specialist in the field.
Ans: A gastroenterologist can diagnose stomach cancer in his clinic but for treatment, he will have to work in complete co-ordination with an oncologist.
Ans: Hepatology aims at treatment as well as diagnosis of diseases of the gall bladder, liver, pancreas and biliary tree.
Ans: The gastroenterologist will understand what your problem is. He will then ask you about your personal health history. After conducting physical examination of the problem region, the patient will be informed about the treatment. In some cases, surgical procedures are recommended to cure the problem.
Ans: Yes, gastroenterologists can perform surgical procedures such as liver transplant, gall bladder removal surgery etc
The consultation fees of a gastroenterologist usually begin at Rs 500.
Endoscopy Rs 2500-Rs 6000
Gastric Restrictive Surgery Rs 2,00,000-Rs 3,50,000
Liver Transplant Rs 5,00,000- Rs 25,00,000
Appendectomy Rs 50,000 – Rs 80,000
Gastroenterologists treat a wide array of digestive tract related conditions. The most common treatments provided by a gastroenterologist are:
Gastric Restrictive Surgery– In this kind of surgery the main aim is to limit the amount of food intake. It is used to treat serious obesity when exercise, diet and medicine fail to produce the desired effects.
Esophageal Stent Procedure – In this, a stent is paced in the blocked part of oesophagus so that the patient is able to swallow liquids and solids.
Colostomy – This kind of surgery creates an opening in the large intestine via abdomen.
Appendectomy- This surgery is done to get rid of infected appendix from the body. This is usually an emergency surgery.
Liver Transplant- In this, the whole or a part of the diseased liver is removed from the body and in its place a new liver is transplanted.
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