Frequently Asked Questions
What is Endoscopic Surgery?
Endoscopic Surgery is a medical procedure where the doctor uses a special instrument to examine or operate on the internal organs of the body. The special instrument used is called an endoscope. This procedure helps the doctor to check any problem within the body and repair the same. The endoscope is inserted through the natural openings like mouth or rectum, or by making a small incision. This procedure helps in viewing the live status of the internal organs on a monitor. There are several types of Endoscopic Surgeries and they are:
- Arthroscopic Surgery
- Bronchoscopic Surgery
- Colonoscopic Surgery
- Cystoscopic Surgery
- Enteroscopic Surgery
- Laparoscopic Surgery
- Laryngoscopic Surgery
- Mediastinoscopic Surgery
- Sigmoidoscopic Surgery
- Pleuroscopy [Thoracoscopy]
- Esophagogastroduodenoscopy [upper gastrointestinal endoscopy]
- Ureteroscopic Surgery
What are the advantages of Endoscopic Surgery?
- It is a less invasive procedure
- It can detect active bleeding areas inside the body
- Can treat digestive problems
- With special instruments attached to the endoscope, it collects the sample from the organ
- Less post-operative pain
- Recovery time is faster
- Identifies the abnormal tissues and prevents injury to surrounding tissues
What are the indications of Endoscopic Surgery?
Few indications of Endoscopic Surgery are:
- Esophageal diseases
- Gastroduodenal diseases
- Liver cancer
- Anemia without visible blood loss
- Blockage of the esophagus
- Blood in the stool
- Severe abdominal pain that is not responding to treatment
- Repair knee ligaments
- Screen colon cancer
What are the steps involved in Endoscopic Surgery?
Different types of Endoscopic Surgery have different steps. Common steps involved in Endoscopic Surgery are:
- Depending on the type of endoscopy, you will be sedated by using either local or general anesthesia.
- The endoscope, which is a special instrument is used to visualize the internal organs through natural openings or small incisions.
- To examine organs like stomach, esophagus, large intestine, and a small intestine, etc, the endoscope is passed through natural openings like mouth or rectum.
- Organs that cannot be examined through natural openings, then small incisions may be made by your doctor and then the endoscope is passed through the incisions.
- If any abnormality is found in the specific internal organ or surrounding tissue, then your doctor will biopsy the abnormal tissue or organ for further examination.
- After completion of checking the internal organs and tissues health status, the doctor will remove the endoscope.
- In case incisions are made, they will be closed with stitches by your doctor.
Who are the best surgeons/doctors to perform Endoscopic Surgery?
Different types of Endoscopic Surgery are performed by different specialists. Some of the specialists who can perform Endoscopic Surgery are:
- Gastroenterologist [Proctologist]
- Orthopedic surgeon
- Pulmonologist [Thoracic surgeon]
- ENT doctor
- Experienced doctors in performing several successful Endoscopic Surgery
What is the cost of Endoscopic Surgery?
The minimum cost for Endoscopic Surgery in Bangalore may be Rs.5,000
An average cost for Endoscopic Surgery in Bangalore may be Rs.18,000
The maximum cost for Endoscopic Surgery in Bangalore may be Rs. 31,000
Cost of Endoscopic Surgery depends on factors such as:
- Admission fee
- Doctor fee
- Age of the patient
- Area of the body to be treated
- The medical condition of the patient
- Post-surgical complications that are involved
- Type of Hospital
- The admission room that you opted for
- Any other lab tests or examination tests such as X-ray, ECG, etc
Is Endoscopic Surgery a major surgery or minor surgery?
There are different types of Endoscopic Surgery and the severity [major or minor procedure] depends on the type of Endoscopic Surgery performed by the doctor.
What are the risks and complications associated with Endoscopic Surgery?
Risks and complications associated with Endoscopic Surgery are:
- Infection at the site of an incision
- Inflammation to the specific area where the endoscope is used
- Bleeding in the organ may occur
- Organ damage, irregular heartbeat
- Difficulty in breathing
- Burning sensation at the site of anesthetic injection
- Chest pain can occur
- Difficulty in urination
How long does it take to complete Endoscopic Surgery?
The time required to complete an Endoscopic Surgery depends on:
- Type of endoscopy performed by doctor.
- Experience of the doctor in performing an endoscopy.
- The area to be examined.
Overall, an endoscopy requires about 30 minutes to 2 hours to complete the surgery of a specific area.
What is the recovery time for Endoscopic Surgery?
Individuals who undergo Endoscopic Surgery may take 1-4 weeks to recover completely.
What is the success rate of Endoscopic Surgery?
The success rate of Endoscopic Surgery depends on:
- Age of the patient
- The area to be examined
- Experience of the doctor
- Type of endoscopy
Is Endoscopic Surgery permanent?
Endoscopic Surgery is done to repair the damage to the internal organs in a minimally invasive way. Hence endoscopic surgery is considered a permanent procedure.
What are the long-term results of Endoscopic Surgery?
Some of the long-term results for most of the Endoscopic Surgery are:
- Reoccurrence of the ulcer
- Dryness of the specific area
- Inflammation of the opening
- May cause permanent damage to the organ
- Chances of development of infection
What are the options if Endoscopic Surgery fails?
If Endoscopic Surgery fails, then the doctor may recommend revision surgery or open surgery.