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1. What is parkinson's disease?
Parkinson's disease is a disorder related to the brain. It mainly affects a person's movements, like excessive shaking or stiffness, difficulty in speaking and walking, etc. It progresses slowly. Initially, a person may not show symptoms, however severe symptoms develop with time; like changes in behaviour, problems remembering things, difficulty sleeping, balancing, etc.
2. How is parkinson's disease caused?
In Parkinson's disease, a part of the brain named substantia nigra is affected. The brain cells which produce the chemical dopamine, function abnormally in this area. The main reason for this is still unknown. Research is still going on to find what causes these brain cells to function differently with age.
3. What are the early signs of parkinson's disease?
The early symptoms of Parkinson's are usually very subtle.
-Slight shaking or twitches
-Speaking too softly to be audible
-Difficulty moving their arms and legs
-Unable to show emotions on the face
-Fainting and dizziness
It is very easy to ignore these early symptoms as signs of ageing.
4. What are the risks of parkinson's disease?
Following are the risks of Parkinson's disease:
-Age is one of the primary risk factors of this disorder. Around the age of 60 years the first signs begin to appear.
-Men are two time more like as compared to women to be diagnosed with Parkinson's disease.
-Pesticides and toxin exposure can also increase your risk.
-Heredity may be one of the reasons for Parkinson's disease.
5. Is parkinson's disease curable?
Parkinson's disease is not entirely curable, but treatment options are available, which can manage the symptoms.
- Medicines can help to increase levels of dopamine in the brain, which reduce tremors, issues with walking and movements.
- In certain cases, the doctor may suggest surgery. Here they will implant a device in your body to stimulate the brain cells to produce dopamine.