1. What are warts?
Warts are small and grainy outgrowths which are rough to touch. They are most commonly observed in the hands and fingers. It often affects skin which is scraped. Warts may sometimes appear like tiny black dots which are the clotted blood vessels under the skin. Warts can be of several types and are classified based on the part they affect, e.g., foot, hands or face.
2. Do I need surgery for warts?
If other treatments are not working, doctor may recommend a minor surgery in which warts in the form of extra tissue is cut out. It may lead to a small scar. Curettage is another surgical procedure in which a sharp tool is used to scrape off warts. It is generally used in combination with electrosurgery (burning).
3. What are the causes of warts?
Human papillomavirus is the most common cause of warts. Most of the warts are caused by casual contact with the affected individuals and sharing objects like towels. Some warts may also spread due to sexual contact. However, not everyone who comes in contact with the virus will get infected as the immune system of each individual has a different level of strength.
4. How are warts diagnosed?
Diagnosis of warts involves certain procedures such as examination of the affected area and the warts, scraping warts to see the presence of blood clots, which are common in warts and removal of a small portion of warts and its analysis to rule out any other condition leading to skin growths.
5. Are there any treatments for warts?
Yes, several treatments are available for the management of warts such as cryotherapy (freezing warts), excision and removal of the warts, electrosurgery (burning) and curettage (cutting with a sharp tool), chemical peels, laser treatments, immunotherapy, injection of anticancer therapy and topical application of various medicines.