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1. What are the common causes of vaginal infection?
The following are the causes of the infection: bacteria - more growth of harmful bacteria than healthy ones; candida or yeast infection - presence of a higher amount of fungi than normal; trichomoniasis - a parasite infection; viral infection; presence of intrauterine device (device place in the uterus); and menopause - end of the menstrual cycle.
2. What symptoms are seen in vaginal infection?
You may experience the following symptoms in vaginal infection: vaginal irritation; abnormal discharge from the vagina; foul smell at the vagina; itching at the vagina; painful sex; pain while passing urine; and light bleeding.
3. Can vaginal infection be prevented?
You may prevent vaginal infection in the following ways: maintain good vaginal hygiene; use cotton panties to avoid moisture that may give rise to the growth of fungi; do not use vaginal sprays or perfumed soaps to clean the area; practice safe sex; consult your gynaecologist if you have menopause; and go for regular examinations to the gynaecologist.
4. What are the risk factors for vaginal infection?
You may be at a greater risk of having a vaginal infection if you have the following: uncontrolled diabetes; recent antibiotic and steroid therapy; pregnancy; use of contraceptive; thyroid or other hormonal problems; vaginal douching (spray or shower water in the vagina); and low immunity.
5. Who should I consult for the treatment of vaginal infection?
You may discuss your symptoms of vaginitis with your doctor. Your doctor will examine your pelvis and also order the test for the vaginal discharge. Your doctor may recommend you to visit a gynaecologist. The gynaecologist will thoroughly examine the infection and also give you advise in case of vaginal infection during pregnancy or menopause.