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Ophthalmologists are doctors who are specialized in evaluating, diagnosing, and treating eye diseases & medical conditions. So, they are the ones who are trained in Ophthalmology; a branch of medicine that deals with the management and treatment of eye disorders like cataracts, glaucoma, near sight, far sight, bulging eyes, dry eyes, and color blindness, etc.
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, following are the specialties or extra qualifications required to be an Ophthalmologist:
An ophthalmologist can diagnose and treat the following medical conditions and disorders related to the eye:
Individuals who are between the ages of 18 and 60 with risk factors of eye disorders should visit an Ophthalmologist once every six months. People above 61 years of age should consult an Ophthalmologist once in a year. However, depending on the diagnosis, one must consult an Ophthalmologist frequently to examine the situation of the health condition of the eyes.
Following are few of the eye surgeries that can be performed by an Ophthalmologist:
Yes, Ophthalmologists can treat glaucoma through eye drops, medications, laser treatment, surgery, or combination of any of these. Before planning the treatment, an Ophthalmologist will examine by dilating eyes which helps to determine the condition of the optic nerves and glaucoma. The doctor can also evaluate the color, size, shape, depth, and vessels of the optic nerve.
Inflammation of the eyelid along with a collection of pus is called a stye. It is commonly caused by a bacterial infection. Ophthalmologists usually treat infected stye by prescribing antibiotics and if needed, a minor procedure is done to drain the pus.