Neurosurgery deals with diagnosis and treatment of the central nervous system (CNS) CNS includes the brain and the spinal cord, autonomic and peripheral nervous systems. A person specialized in neurosurgery is called a neurosurgeon. A neurosurgeon can perform surgeries of the brain, remove tumours, treat trauma or accidental injury, infections in the brain or other parts of the nervous system, as well as various degenerative disorders. A neurosurgeon routinely prescribes advanced imaging techniques such as the MRI and CT scan to diagnose the disorders of the brain.
A neurosurgeon can be consulted for all the disorders related to the nervous system such as injuries of the brain or spinal cord, stroke, chronic pain of the nervous system, hydrocephalus (a condition in which excess cerebrospinal fluid is accumulated in the brain), herniated disc, tumours of the pituitary gland, any fractures in the vertebra, and head injuries.
A few sub-disciplines and specialisations of neurosurgery are Cerebrovascular and skull base surgery, Paediatric neurosurgery, Neurotrauma, Neuro-oncology, and Interventional neuroradiology.
The consultation fee of a neurosurgeon ranges from INR 500 to INR 4,000. The treatment cost, which includes various diagnostic tests such as MRI, CT, and other surgical procedures may vary depending on the hospital chosen. However, a representative fee is mentioned below:
CT Brain INR 4,000
MRI scan (Brain) INR 7,000
Surgery INR 4-6 lakhs or above (depends on hospital stay and other factors)
Brain and spinal tumours: The tumours of the brain and spinal cord are removed by a neurosurgeon.
Pituitary tumours: These tumours are formed in the pituitary gland which is located in the base of the brain. Because this gland is responsible for the synthesis of several hormones, a tumour here can imbalance the normal body functioning. Treatment includes removal of the tumour, and medications to control further growth.
Skull base surgery: Skull base surgery is performed to remove several types of tumours such as chordomas, glomus tumours, acoustic neuromas, malignancies and meningiomas.
Spine surgery: It is needed to treat the disorders of spinal cord that includes spinal stenosis, tumours in the spinal cord, spinal injuries, degeneration in the spinal disc and disc herniation.
Epilepsy: For the treatment of epilepsy, a neurosurgeon performs brain surgeries.