A Nephrologist is a physician who deals with nephrology, which is the study of kidneys and the medical problems related to it. The nephrologist is specialized in the diagnosis and management of kidney related diseases. This specialist studies the normal kidney functions, and ways of preserving the health of kidney, types of kidney diseases and their treatment. A nephrologist also helps with an adequate diet plan for kidney treatment, if required. The nephrologist provides therapies as well, especially in cases of renal replacement. The main aim of a nephrologist is to optimize renal function.
Nephrologists specialize in treating both children and adults. The exact time to visit a nephrologist is determined by your symptoms and condition. You may have to visit a nephrologist if you experience difficulties in urination, notice blood in the urine or suffer from kidney infections. The nephrologist diagnoses the medical condition and start the treatment accordingly.
Some of the sub specialties of Nephrology include Dialysis, Kidney transplant, Chronic Kidney disease, Procedural Nephrology and Onconephrology (cancer- related kidney diseases). A nephrologist who treats the children is called Paediatric Nephrologist.
The normal consultation charges of Nephrologists in Mumbai range between INR 1,000 and INR 2,000/-. Other charges depend upon the type of treatment required or upon the surgery. The general rate for Kidney transplant starts from INR 4 lakhs and extends till Rs 10 lakhs, depending on patient requirement.
A nephrologist treats almost every problem related to the kidneys. Some of the common renal disorders treated include:
Diabetic Kidney disorder – This is a kidney disease which occurs due to diabetes. This may become a reason for kidney failure as well.
Nephrotic Syndrome – This situation affects the filtration process of the kidney, when it is inefficient at removing the waste and excess fluids from the blood.
Lupus Nephritis- In this condition the kidney gets inflamed. This situation occurs due to a disease called systematic lupus erythematosus, which is a disorder of the immune system.
Renal Insufficiency – At times, reduction in blood flow leads to poor functioning of kidneys. This situation arises due to renal artery disease.
Kidney Failure- The kidneys stop functioning in this situation, they fail to filter the waste products from the blood. In such cases, kidney transplant is the only option.