1. What is epilepsy?
A condition of the brain where there is abnormal electrical activity is called epilepsy. It is classified as a neurological disorder. When a person experiences recurrent seizures or fits, it is termed as epilepsy. Since the brain functions with the help of electrical signals, disturbances in these signals can lead to an epileptic event.
2. How to identify that someone is going through at epileptic event?
Different people experience seizures in different ways.
-Some may have a staring spell without realization of the same
-A few may have uncontrolled movements of arms and legs
-Loss of awareness and consciousness
-Fear, anxiety, confusion are also signs of seizure
A single epileptic event does not mean that you suffer from an epileptic disorder
3. Can epilepsy be cured?
No, epilepsy is not curable, except in cases where it is due to a clear cause that is correctable. There are many anti-seizure medications available which can be taken to make your life seizure-free.
4. What are the treatment options for epilepsy?
There are mainly three treatment options available for epilepsy:
-Anti-seizure medication or combination of medicines
-Therapies like deep brain stimulation and vagus nerve stimulation
-Surgery, in a few rare cases, may also be needed in case the cause is a tumour that needs to be removed
5. Do the treatments for epilepsy have side effects?
Treatments for epilepsy can have side-effects. Medication can make you feel tired and dizzy. You may even experience weight gain, loss of coordination, rashes on the skin, reduction in density of bones, speech and memory problems.
There can be severe side-effects too like depression.
Complications during surgeries can also occur.