Frequently Asked Questions
What is Angiography?
Certain disease conditions like cerebral, peripheral and cardiovascular diseases can cause blockages in blood vessels. They can be evaluated by injecting an X-ray contrast dye through the blood vessels, this procedure is called Angiography. This enables the doctor to evaluate the intricate blood supply system for blockages or damages within vital organs.
The following are the types of Angiography:
- Digital Subtraction Angiography
- Eye Angiography
- Pulmonary Angiography
- Cerebral Angiography
- Coronary Angiography
- Magnetic Resonance Angiography
- Radio-nuclide Angiography
- Renal Angiography
- Left or right-sided ventriculography
- Aortic Angiography
What are the advantages of Angiography?
- Images of the internal blood vessels and arteries.
- Identify block in blood vessels and organs.
- Efficient diagnosis and treatment for a particular disease or condition.
What are the indications of Angiography?
Angiography is indicated in the following conditions:
- Injury or trauma
- Cardiac or mesenteric angina
- Elective embolization
- Reno-vascular disease
- Coil embolization
- Maintenance angioplasty
- Cerebrovascular disease
- Central or peripheral vascular disease
- Transarterial cancer therapy
What is the preparation for Angiography?
- Assessing medical, medication history of past and present and any current prescription on any blood thinners or pain killer use.
- You may be asked not to eat any food 6-8 hours before the procedure as some type of angiograms may require fasting.
- Your doctor may ask about any known allergies towards anesthesia or any known contrast dyes.
- All the risks, complications, and benefits associated with Angiography should be discussed with your doctor.
- You may be will be asked to sign the consent form before undergoing this procedure.
What are the steps involved in Angiography?
Few steps involved in angiography are:
- You may be asked to wear a hospital gown.
- You would be sedated.
- A catheter is inserted into the artery and is directed slowly through blood vessels until it reaches the site that needs to be examined.
- X-ray contrast dye is injected into the blood vessel to visualize the blood vessels through X-ray images.
- And the catheter will be removed from the artery.
- The doctor will review the X-ray images to diagnose the problem.
What is the postprocedure care/recovery care for Angiography?
- You may need to stay in the hospital until the sedative wears off.
- Advice for care will be given by the doctor after the procedure.
- Consult your doctor immediately If you experience any pain at the catheter site.
- Pain killer medications may be adviced by the doctor for the pain.
- Follow all the instructions and directions provided by your doctor.
Who can perform Angiography [Right specialist type for Angiography]?
Angiography can be done by an experienced Cardiologist or vascular surgeon who is experienced in performing a successful angiography or Surgeon with several successful Angiographies.
What is the cost of Angiography?
Cost of Angiography can change depending on factors like:
- Age of the individual
- Type of hospital
- Medical condition/diagnosis of the patient
- Cost of admission
- Any complications after surgery
- Area of the blood vessels evaluated
- Doctor fee
- The severity of the block
- Type of opted for admission
The minimum amount to be paid in Mumbai starts at Rs.7,500
An average charge in Mumbai is approximately Rs.35,000
The maximum cost in Mumbai is up to Rs.2,10,000
Is Angiography a major procedure or minor procedure?
The procedure can be either major or minor based on the patient diagnosis.
What is the eligibility criteria for Angiography?
Angiography is recommended to people like:
- People with diseases or conditions like atherosclerosis, arthritis, etc.
- Individuals who are suffering from pain in the chest, heart diseases, etc
- Heart evaluation after a heart attack.
What is the ineligibility criteria for Angiography?
Angiography may not be done for individuals like:
- Individuals already with heart disease or chest pain.
- Individuals who had undergone heart surgery recently.
- Severe kidney disease.
What are the risks and complications associated with Angiography?
Few risks and complications associated with the Angiography are:
- Bleeding and infection at the catheter site
- Allergic reaction to the contrast dye
- Damage to kidneys
- Irregular heartbeat
- Heart attack or stroke
- Arteries may be injured where the catheter is inserted
How long does it take to complete Angiography?
Angiography can take 1 to 3 hours, Based on the patient diagnosis.
What is the recovery time?
It may take about 3-6 hours to recover from Angiography after the catheter is removed from the blood vessels and the patient may be discharged on the same day from the hospital.
What is the success rate of Angiography?
Around 97 % of the total Angiography procedures succeed and can depend on factors like
- Experience of the doctor in performing Angiography.
- Patient age
- Individual medical diagnosis.
Is Angiography painful?
Anesthesia will be given by the doctor before the insertion of the catheter so that you won't be experiencing pain during the process. You may experience a bit of pain or discomfort at the site of catheter insertion as the sedative wears off.
Is Angiography permanent?
Angiography is not permanent.
What are the long-term results of Angiography?
Angiography is an evaluation procedure and is useful for the doctor to provide long-term treatment plans for the patient after diagnosis.
Can Angiography be detected in the future?
Angiography will not be detected in the future as the contrast dye is excreted from the body in 30 minutes to 2 hours.
What are the options if Angiography fails or not successful?
Angiography is a safe procedure to evaluate any blockages in the blood vessels which supply blood to the vital organs like the brain, kidneys, heart, and lungs. The doctor may use alternative techniques for visualizing the organs.
What are the alternatives for Angiography?
Few alternatives for Angiography are
- Doppler ultrasound