1. What are the different types of treatment options for malaria?
The treatment options are: for uncomplicated cases artemisinin, an antimalarial drug as combination therapy is given. When used alone, you may develop resistance. For complicated cases, antimalarials such as chloroquine, primaquine, artesunate and artemether along with antibiotics are prescribed. Hydration can be maintained by giving intravenous fluid.
2. Are there any side effects for the treatment of malaria?
Sometimes side effects may be seen with the drugs used for the treatment. They are as follows: headache, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, stomach upset and pain in the stomach, pale stools, skin rashes and mouth ulcers.
3. Is the cost of treatment of malaria high?
The cost of treatment of malaria differs with the brand of the medicine. The drugs such as chloroquine and primaquine are comparatively cheaper and affordable. However, the other drugs artesunate and artemether are costly. Government hospitals make these medicines available to patients at an affordable rate.
4. What is the duration for the treatment of malaria?
The severity of the disease and the species of the parasite causing malaria decide the treatment duration. Typically two weeks treatment is required to remove the parasite from the blood completely. Sometimes, if the parasite remains in the body there can be a relapse of the infection.
5. What are the most common medicines for the treatment of malaria?
The most common medicines for malaria belong to the class known as quinines. Chloroquine and primaquine have been used since many years to treat malaria. Antimalarials such as artesunate, artemether are also used. The choice of medicine will depend upon the type of malaria and the condition of the patient being treated.