1. What is parkinson's disease?
Parkinson's disease is a chronic progressive neurological disorder that affects the brain (nerve cells). It affects that part of one's brain that controls the movement of the body, i.e. substantia nigra.
2. How is parkinson's disease caused?
Substantia nigra is a part in our brain that controls body movements by producing a chemical dopamine. This chemical acts a messenger, it carries messages from one area of the brain to another whenever a movement has to be made. In parkinson's, substantia nigra starts to degenerate, which leads to lesser release of dopamine , affecting body movements.
3. What are the early signs of parkinson's disease?
It is difficult to notice early signs of Parkinson's. It start with slight tremors. One feels little tired, and uneasy very often. Speech turns softer. There are less expressions on face, lack of balance while walking or standing, and daily routine movements get slower than usual. Shaky arms,legs, jaw and tongue even at rest. Arms don't swing smoothly while walking.
4. Are there any risk factors of Parkinson's disease?
Out of many risk factors genetic mutation is one of the commonest cause of Parkinson's.
Age - older individuals are more likely to get affected.
Men are affected more than women.
It is hereditary too at times.
Environment plays a role too- when exposed to toxins released in the air for too long, it can lead to Parkinson's.
Certain factory jobs and farming can lead to exposure to toxins
5. Is parkinson's disease curable?
No, Parkinson's disease is a progressive illness. It can't be cured. However, with medications like levodopa, some symptoms can be controlled and improved