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1. How does food poisoning occur?
Food poisoning occurs when you eat a food item contaminated with infection-causing germs. It may occur when you do not heat the food product sufficiently before eating or when you eat uncooked, unwashed, or expired food items. Food items not stored properly can also result in food poisoning.
2. What are the symptoms associated with food poisoning?
The symptoms associated with food poisoning usually occur a few days after eating the food and may last for one or two weeks. They include: nausea and lack of desire to eat, vomiting, diarrhoea, fever, stomach upset and cramps in the stomach. Some severe symptoms such as dehydration and blood in the stools and vomit may be present.
3. Can eating home-cooked food also cause food poisoning?
Yes, home cooked food can also cause food poisoning if it is not handled properly or remains uncooked. Fresh vegetables and fruits that are consumed raw or if not washed properly can cause food poisoning at home. Not cleaning the cutting tables properly before use can contaminate the food. Using expired food products can also cause food poisoning due to home-cooked food.
4. Are there any complications due to food poisoning?
Usually, food poisoning is mild and is cured within few days. But some complications may arise in a few cases and hospitalization is required. Complications such as kidney failure, high blood pressure, brain and nerve damage, and chronic arthritis can arise due to food poisoning and have a long-term effect. Toxins released by contaminating bacteria can also damage your stomach.
5. Can I prevent food poisoning?
Yes, you can prevent food poisoning by following some simple and easy steps such as: avoid using uncleaned, unwashed fruits and vegetables; always check the expiry date of food products; avoid unpasteurized milk; and chicken, mutton and eggs can be highly contaminated hence cook such food items properly before eating.