1. What are the common symptoms of chikungunya?
If a person gets bitten by the infected mosquito, the symptoms usually begin 3-7 days after. The most common symptoms of chikungunya are joint pain and fever. The other symptoms include rash, swelling around the joints and muscle pain.
2. How is chikungunya diagnosed?
Chikungunya can be diagnosed definitively from a blood test. Laboratory diagnosis of chikungunya can be accomplished by testing plasma or serum to detect the virus, viral nucleic acid or virus-specific immunoglobulin M and neutralising antibodies.
3. What are the available treatment options for chikungunya?
There is no vaccine, as of now, for preventing chikungunya. There is no medicine to treat it as well but symptoms can be treated. Treatment includes taking plenty of rest, drinking more fluids to prevent dehydration, and taking medicines such as paracetamol or acetaminophen for reducing the fever and pain. If you experience long-lasting pains, physiotherapy will be helpful.
4. Can chikungunya be prevented?
As vaccination for chikungunya is not available so the most effective way to prevent this disease is by preventing mosquito bites. You may use mosquito repellent and take steps to control mosquitoes indoors and outdoors.
5. Can chikungunya fever be life-threatening?
No, chikungunya is not life-threatening. Although death from complications related to chikungunya is very rare, the virus sometimes causes severe problems. The disease is generally short-lived and rarely fatal.