Frequently Asked Questions
What is Coronary Angiography?
Coronary Angiography is a medical procedure that uses the X-ray imaging technique to view the damaged blood vessels or the blockage of the blood vessels. This helps in detecting and treating heart-related disorders like insufficient blood flow to the heart due to the narrowing of the blood vessels, etc. Coronary Angiography is the most common procedure which is also known as cardiac catheterization.
What are the advantages of Coronary Angiography?
The following are the advantages of the Coronary Angiography:
- It provides accurate images of the internal blood vessels and arteries.
- It helps in diagnosing specific diseases.
- It helps in determining the right treatment for a particular disease or condition.
- It identifies any blockages in the blood vessels.
What are the indications of Coronary Angiography?
The following are the indications of Coronary Angiography:
- Coronary artery disease
- Severe chest pain
- Pain in the jaw, neck or arm which cannot be explained by other tests
- Congenital heart disease
- Abnormal results of other heart tests
- Chest injury
- Heart valve problem which requires surgery
What is the preparation for Coronary Angiography?
The following are the preparation steps to be followed for Coronary Angiography:
- The patient may be asked to stop eating and drinking 6-8 hours before the procedure.
- Some type of angiograms require fasting and some don't. So, your doctor will tell you whether to fast or not.
- You may be asked about your present and past medical and medication history.
- Inform your doctor if you are using any blood thinners or pain killers.
- Inform your doctor if you are allergic to anesthesia or to any known contrast dye.
- Discuss all the risks, complications, and benefits associated with the Coronary Angiography with your doctor.
What are the steps involved in Coronary Angiography?
The following are the steps involved in Coronary Angiography:
- The patient may be asked to change clothes to the hospital gown.
- After sedation, a catheter or a small tube is inserted into the large artery.
- Now, the catheter is slowly directed throughout the artery until the tip reaches the vessel that needed to be examined.
- Then, a contrast dye is injected into the blood vessel through the catheter. This dye will help the blood vessels to view on the X-ray images.
- X-rays of the blood vessels will be taken.
- Later the catheter will be removed from the large artery.
- The doctor will review the X-ray images to determine the problem.
What is the postprocedure care/recovery care for Coronary Angiography?
The following are the post-care steps for Coronary Angiography:
- If there is a pain at the site of catheter insertion, then consult the doctor.
- Use the pain killers as directed by the doctor if the pain is severe.
- If bleeding is seen at the cut, consult your doctor as soon as possible.
- Follow all the instructions and directions provided by the doctor.
Who can perform Coronary Angiography [Right specialist type for Coronary Angiography]?
Coronary Angiography can be performed by:
- Experienced Cardiologist
- A Vascular surgeon who has experience in performing a successful angiography
- Any surgeon who performed several successful angiographies
What is the cost of Coronary Angiography?
Cost of Coronary Angiography depends on factors such as:
- Admission fee
- Doctor fee
- Type of hospital
- The medical condition of the patient
- Area of the blood vessels to be evaluated
- Post-surgical complications that are involved
- The admission room that you opted for
- Age of the patient
- The severity of the blockage of blood vessels
Minimum cost for Coronary Angiography in India starts from Rs.8,000
Average expenses for Coronary Angiography in India is approximately Rs.25,000
Maximum amount to be paid for Coronary Angiography in India rises up to Rs.1,30,000
Is Coronary Angiography a major surgery or minor surgery?
Coronary Angiography is considered a minor procedure.
What is the eligibility criteria for Coronary Angiography?
The eligibility criteria for Coronary Angiogram are:
- Individuals who are suffering from heart diseases.
- People with severe atherosclerosis.
- Individuals suffering from arthritis.
- Patients who are suffering from severe chest pain.
- Individuals who are willing to check their heart condition after a heart attack.
What is the ineligibility criteria for Coronary Angiography?
The ineligibility criteria for Coronary Angiogram are:
- Individuals with a known cause for heart disease and chest pain.
- Individuals suffering from severe kidney disease.
- Individuals who underwent recent heart surgery.
What are the risks and complications associated with Coronary Angiography?
The following are the risks and complications involved in Coronary Angiography:
- Injury to the artery where the catheter is inserted
- Kidney damage
- Irregular heartbeats
- Allergic reaction to the contrast dye
- Heart attack or stroke
How long does it take to complete Coronary Angiography?
Coronary Angiography takes almost 30 minutes to 1 hour to complete the procedure. But sometimes it may take more than 2-3 hours depending on the condition of the patient.
What is the recovery time?
Patients who undergo Coronary Angiography may be discharged from the hospital on the same day of the procedure. Mostly, the recovery time from Coronary Angiography varies about 3-6 hours after the removal of the catheter from the blood vessels.
What is the success rate of Coronary Angiography?
The success rate of Coronary Angiography depends on:
- Age of the patient
- The medical condition of an individual
- Experience of the doctor in performing Coronary Angiography
However, the success rate of Coronary Angiography maybe 97%.
Is Coronary Angiography painful?
Coronary Angiography involves the insertion of a catheter in the blood vessels and this may cause mild to moderate pain. In some cases, anesthesia is given to sedate the individual and the individual does not feel any pain during the insertion and removal of the catheter from the blood vessels.
Is Coronary Angiography Permanent?
Coronary Angiography is not a permanent procedure as the catheter tube is withdrawn from the body after evaluating the blood vessels.
What are the long-term results of Coronary Angiography?
Coronary Angiography is a diagnostic procedure that does not have any long-term effects.
Can Coronary Angiography be detected in the future?
Coronary Angiography uses a contrast dye to check any blockages in the blood vessels. This dye normally stays only for about 30 minutes to 2 hours in the body and hence Angiography cannot be detected in the future.
What are the options if Coronary Angiography fails?
Coronary Angiography is a safe procedure to evaluate the function of the heart and any blockages in the blood vessels. Mostly, this procedure is successful and in very few cases, it may be a failure due to the rupture of the blood vessels. If it fails, then the doctor uses alternative techniques for Angiographies.
What are the alternatives for Coronary Angiography?
The alternatives to Coronary Angiography are:
- Doppler ultrasound