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1. What is smallpox?
Smallpox, which has now been eradicated, is a very contagious and life-threatening disease causing disfigurement and is caused by variola virus.
2. What is the causative agent of smallpox?
Variola virus is the causative agent for smallpox and it can be transmitted from an infected person either directly via droplets generated through coughing and sneezing or indirectly from contaminated clothes of the person, etc.
3. How is smallpox different from chickenpox?
Smallpox has been eradicated and chicken pox is still a common illness. In chicken pox fever and rash appear at the same time in different parts of the body whereas in small pox fever occurs 2-4 days before rash appears and rash comes all over the body at the same time.
4. What is the treatment for smallpox?
There is no treatment for a person who is already infected by smallpox. Symptomatic treatment is given, however, there is a small pox vaccine which can prevent its occurrence and has now completely eradicated this disease.
5. Can a person who ever had chickenpox can also have smallpox?
Yes, a person with chicken pox can also have smallpox as they are both caused by different viruses but smallpox has now been eradicated from the world.