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1. What is a calculus?
Calculi are stones or hard pebble-like solids formed usually in the kidneys. They are very painful and can move to the urinary bladder. These are known as renal calculi. Calculus can also form in gallbladder. They are known as gallstones. The calculi in any part of the body are painful and need proper treatment.
2. What is the treatment for calculus?
A urologist treats the renal calculus in the following way: use of laser (Lithotripsy) to break he calculus to pieces; use of devices to see the location and remove the calculi under anaesthesia; surgery to remove the calculus; antibiotics to treat an infection; and medicines to dissolve the stones and surgery to remove them for gallstones. In some cases, gall bladder may be removed.
3. Is surgery required to remove the calculus?
If the renal calculus is big, then it needs to be removed by surgery. Before removing the calculus, it is broken down into smaller pieces and then surgery is performed. For calculus in the gallbladder surgery is done to remove the gallstones. Sometimes gallbladder is also removed by an operation.
4. What are the symptoms of calculus?
Symptoms of renal calculus are as follows: pain in the abdomen, fever, nausea, vomiting, blood in urine and urinary tract infection. Symptoms for gallstones are: pain in the abdomen, yellow colour of skin and eyes, and vomiting.
5. Can calculus recur?
Yes, renal calculus can reoccur if you do not drink plenty of water or if you eat some food items which cause the calcium salts to deposit and form the calculus. They may reoccur if you have a family history or are on a high protein diet. If you had a kidney stone at the age of 25 years or less, it might recur.