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1. What are the early sign of typhoid?
Typhoid starts to show early symptoms like high fever, going up to 104°F. There is also headache, weakness, fatigue, muscle ache, dry cough, sweating, loss of appetite, constipation or diarrhoea, pain in the abdomen, swelling in abdomen and rash.
2. What are the risk factors of typhoid?
The major risk associated with typhoid is the absence of clean drinking water. Since typhoid is a water-borne disease, people must use only bottled or boiled water. Children are more easily affected by typhoid bacteria. It is absolutely necessary that good sanitory conditions are available to prevent the spread of the disease.
3. How can typhoid be prevented?
Typhoid is preventable. Vaccination is available against it for all children in two forms, injectable and oral. Taking vaccines is the best way to prevent typhoid. Avoiding eating from street vendors is another thing that can help prevent the infection. Avoid eating vegetables, which cannot be peeled, example cabbage or lettuce in the raw form.
4. What are the symptoms of typhoid and how do I differentiate it from food poisoning?
Symptoms of food poisoning begin within hours of eating the contaminated food, while in the case of typhoid, the disease onset may take a few days. Classic symptoms of typhoid include high fever and rash, while in case of food poisoning, there is usually nausea and vomiting first.
5. Are there any new vaccines available for typhoid?
The new typhoid vaccination is called the typhoid conjugate vaccine. This vaccine can be given to infants from 6 months onwards, and no booster doses are needed. It is necessary that vaccination is given to infants too because they are at high risk of the disease.