1. What is hernia?
Sometimes fatty tissues or an organ of the body tends to squeeze out through a weak spot present in the muscle surrounding it or connective tissue causing a hernia. The most frquent known hernias include hiatal (upper stomach), femoral (outer groin), inguinal (inner groin), incisional, and umbilical (belly button).
2. What symptoms will I have if I have hernia?
The symptoms of a hernia include:
-Bulge or lump.
-Sensation of something heavy while coughing, standing, or bending.
- In a baby, you may be able to see and feel it when your baby cries.
-Pain,discomfort, burning or gurgling sensation in the affected area
-Feeling of pressure, heaviness, or weakness, in the abdomen
-Lack of any symptoms.
3. What are the causes of hernia?
Mainly a combination of weakness of muscles and repeated strain causes hernia. This combination may occur due to the following:
-Surgical injury causing damage or surgery
-Pregnancy developing pressure on abdomen
-Ascites (fluid accumulation in the abdomen)
-Sudden gain in weight
4. How will the diagnosis of hernia be made?
Diagnosis of hernia will be made based on the following steps:
-Physical examination of the suspected area by the physician.
-Asking the patient to cough when standing, which makes the hernia more notable.
-Eventually imaging tests might be prescribed which include MRI, CT scan or an abdominal ultrasound.
5. Is surgery required in all types of hernia?
Surgery can be avoided until your hernia is not disturbing daily routine, painless or small. However, with time, it tends to get bigger with the belly muscle wall getting weaker, causing more tissue to bulge through it.